Chemistry Courses Content

 

First Level
Chem.141, Physical Chemistry (Principle of Physical Chemistry) 2 h/W
Significant figures, Measurement and unit: The gaseous state, the gas laws, real and ideal gases, the liquid state and the solid state. Thermochemistry, thermo- chemical equations, Hess’s law; ΔH for various processes; bond energies, variation of ΔH with temperature; heat capacities:. Kirchoff’s equation. The Solution Process, Ways of Expressing Concentration. Factors Affecting Solubility. Raoult’s Law Colligative Properties - Lowering the Vapor Pressure - Boiling-Point Elevation - Freezing Point Depression – Osmosis -Determination of Molar Mass. Chemical equilibria: The equilibrium state. The Reaction Quotient – The relationship between Kc and Kp - Heterogeneous Equilibria - Le-Chatelier's Principle and Chemical Equilibrium. Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions The Arrhenius Theory of Acids and Bases, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis theory of Acids and Bases - Auto-ionization of water and pH - Ionization Constants of Weak Electrolytes and Polyprotic Acids - Common Ion Effect and Buffers - Hydrolysis Constants - Acid-Base Titration Curves. Solubility and Ksp – Relationship.
Practical : 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.121, Inorganic Chemistry (Principles of Inorganic Chemistry) 2 h/W
Chemical calculations. Atomic spectra (Electromagnetic waves, Bohr’s theory, principles of wave mechanics). Atomic structure. Electronic configuration of atoms. Periodic Table and the general properties of representative elements (size of atoms and ions, ionization energy, electronic affinity, electronegativity, electropositivity and polarization).Oxidation states. Types of chemical bonds (ionic, covalent, coordinate, hydrogen and metallic). Lewis structure and formal charge.Theories of bonding: valance shell electron ,pair repulsion (VSEPR),valence bond theory(VBT), molecular orbital theory (MOT) and molecular geometry.
Practical : 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.131, organic Chemistry (Principle of organic Chemistry -1) 2 h/W
Chemical Bonds-The Octet Rule - Writing Lewis Structures- Formal Charge – Resonance - Quantum Mechanics-Atomic Orbitals-Molecular Orbitals - Hybirdization- Molecular Geometry: The Valence Shell Electron- Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Model-Representation of Structural Formulas- Hydrocarbons: Representative Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds-Polar Covalent Bonds-Polar and Nonpolar Molecules-Functional Groups - Alkyl Halides or Haloalkanes - Alcohols - Alcohol- Ether – Amines - Aldehydes and Ketones-Carboxylic acids - Esters- Nitriles - Acids and Bases - Conformational analysis of alkane
Practical : 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Second Level
Chem.211, Analytical Chemistry (Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry ) 2h/W
Analytical objectives ,Qualitative and quantitative analysis; the analytical process and validation of a method. Data Handling, Accuracy and precision; rounding off; determination of errors; indeterminate errors; standard deviation; propagation of error; significant figures and propagation of error; the confidence limit; the Q test; the correlation coefficient; detection limits and static of sampling Stoichiometric Calculations ,Review of fundamental concepts; concentrations of solutions and titer .. Acid – Base titrations, Neutralization reactions of different acids with different bases and their titration curves. Solubility and Ksp - Relationship of Ion Product to Solubility – predicting. Precipitation titrations; their types and their curves . Complexometric Titrations, Formation constants of complexes; EDTA titrations, their curves and their indicators. Oxidation–Reduction reactions and titrations Oxidation–Reduction reactions; electrochemical cells; electrode potentials; the potential of electrochemical cell; redox titrations curves; indicators and applications
Practical : 3h/W
 
 
Chem.221, Inorganic Chemistry (Chemistry of representative elements) 2h/W
General properties of the elements. Metallurgy and isolation. Chemistry of hydrogen. Chemistry of the Alkali metals. Chemistry of alkaline earth metals. Chemistry of group(IV) elements. Chemistry of group (V) elements. Chemistry of group (VI) elements. Chemistry of halogens. Chemistry of inert gases. Applications
 
 
Chem.222, Inorganic Chemistry (Nuclear Chemistry 1h/W - Bonding and symmetry 1h/W )2h/W
Nuclear chemistry: Properties of nucleus- Stability of nucleus-Types of nuclear reactions- Types of radiations- Natural radioactivity and radioactive series- Theory of radioactive disintegration- Rate of radioactive decay- Mass and nuclear binding energy- Artificial radioactivity- Nuclear fission and fusion- Isotopes- Application of radiation chemistry.
Bonding, Structure and symmetry: Bonding and structure- Transitions between the main types of bonding- Structures of ionic crystals- Chemical calculations of ionic radii- Symmetry elements and operations- Definitions and descriptions of symmetry elements and operations.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.231 (Principles of organic Chemistry -2)
Preparations of Alkene and Alkyne - Addition reaction - Radical reactions - Alchols and Ethers - Oxidation-Reduction Reactions - Organometallic Compounds - Aromatic Compounds.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.232, Organic Chemistry (Physical Organic Chemistry -1) 2h/W
Stereochemistry - Ionic Reactions - Nuclophilic Substitution reactions - Elimination reactions- Electrophic aromatic substitution reactions - Nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.233, Organic Chemistry (Physical Organic Chemistry - 2) 2h/W
Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl compounds- Aldol reactions- Addition of
Enolate anions to aldehydes and ketones- Nucleophilic addition-Elimination at
the acyl carbon of carboxylic acid and their derivatives- Reactions of Amines
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.234, Organic Chemistry (chemical Spectroscopy-1) 2 h/W
Introduction - The Electromagnetic Spectrum - Ultraviolet - IR spectroscopy- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Mass Spectrometry: Tools for Structure Determination.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chemistry 235: organic chemistry ( Principles of Organic Chemistry - 1) 2h/w
Hydrocarbons: Representative Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds-Polar Covalent Bonds-Polar and Nonpolar Molecules-Functional Groups - Alkyl Halides or Haloalkanes - Alcohols - Alcohol- Ether – Amines - Aldehydes and Ketones-Carboxylic acids - Esters- Nitriles - Acids and Bases - Conformational analysis of alkane, Stereochemistry - Ionic Reactions
Practical: 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.236 organic Chemistry (Principles of organic Chemistry -2) 2h/W
Analysis of organic compounds. Unsaturated hydrocarbon - Addition reaction - Radical reactions - Alchols and Ethers - Oxidation-Reduction Reactions - Organometallic Compounds - Aromatic Compounds
 
 
Chem. 237, organic chemistry ( Organic synthesis ) 2h/W
Formation of carbon - Carbon bonds: (a) Base – catalyzed condensation: Condensation of carbanions with aldehydes, ketones and esters – The alkylation of carbanions – Addition of carbanions to activated olefins. (b) Acid – catalyzed condensations: The self condensation of olefins - Friedel Craft's reactions - perkin reaction – condensation of aldehydes and ketones - Mannich reaction. (c) Enolates: Control of extent of alkylation - Michael reactions – Robinson annelation. Carbanions stabilised by second-row elements: Use of sulphur- and phosphorus stabilized nucleophilic species in C–C bond formation, especially olefination (Wittig and Julia olefinations reactions) - concept and use of umpolung-type reagents. (d) Retrosynthetic analysis: creative chemistry - retrosynthetic analysis: synthesis backwards - disconnections must correspond to known, reliable reactions - synthons are idealized reagents - choosing a disconnection - multiple step syntheses: avoid chemoselectivity problems - functional group interconversion - two-group disconnections are better than one C–C disconnections.
Practical: 2h/W
 
 
Chem.241 Chemistry Physical (Chemical Thermodynamic )
The first law of thermodynamics, Reversible, irreversible processes. Adiabatic processes. Isothermal. P-V work . Heat Capacities ,Relationship ,The Joule-Thompson Expansion. Entropy: The second law of thermodynamics-Carnot cycle, Clausius inequality; quantitative measures of ΔS: entropy changes during the phase change. changes in entropy during isothermal expansions of an ideal gas, changes in entropy during the heating of an ideal gas; variation of ΔS with temperature - the third law of thermodynamics - absolute entropies; entropy and chemical processes; ΔS in chemical reactions. Free energy functions:- the free energy functions; Helmholtz free energy; Gibbs free energy; properties of the Gibbs free energy, pressure dependence of the Gibbs free energy, temperature dependence of the Gibbs free energy .Gibbs free energy for chemical reactions, Gibbs free energy and the equilibrium constant. Gibbs energy, entropy and enthalpy of mixing, liquid mixtures. response of equilibria to pressure, response of equilibria to temperature (van’t Hoff equation). Electrochemical work . Clapeyron and Clausius-Clapeyron equations.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.242, Physical chemistry (Kinetic theory of gases 1h/W – Phase rule 1h/W) 2h/W
Kinetic theory of gases, ideal gas model, kinetic theory of gases, equipartition theorem. Two-parameter Equations of State, Virial Coefficients, van der Waals interactions and Molecular Potentials, Temperature as a measure of Kinetic Energy, The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution for molecular speeds , The Mean Free Path and Collision frequencies, Diffusion, viscosity,thermal conductivity . Brownian movement and Avogadro's number-theory of non-ideal behavior- principle of corresponding states. Partition Functions, Translational Partition Functions. Electronic Partition Functions. Vibrational Partition Functions. Rotational Partition Functions. Phase rule, Application of the thermodynamic concepts to the analysis of phase equilibrium, phase transformations, -Gibbs Phase Rule and phase diagrams in one-component system. Binary phase diagrams. Binary phase diagrams and Gibbs free energy curves. Binary solutions with unlimited solubility. Relative proportion of phases (tie lines and the lever principle).. Binary eutectic systems (limited solid solubility). Solid state reactions (eutectoid, peritectoid reactions). Binary systems with intermediate phases/compounds. Gibbs phase rule. Temperature dependence of solubility. Multi-component (ternary) phase diagrams.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem 243 Physical Chemistry (Solid-State and Materials Chemistry) 2h/W
Topics include structural types and trends, including descriptive chemistry, crystal defects, nonstoichiometry, solid solutions, Crystal structure of solids: Fundamental Types of lattices, Simple crystal structure, Glasses, Crystal diffraction by X-rays, neutrons and electrons, Atomic form factor structure factor and Integrated intensity, Experimental diffraction methods,. Defects: Band theory of solid, Brilloin Zones; Metals: Electrical, thermal and magnetic properties, Semiconductors: Intrinsic and extrinsic, Junction properties, Transistors, rectifiers, solar cells. Ferroelectric, Piezoelectric and pyroelectric materials. Ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic materials and their properties.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem 243 Physical Chemistry (Solid-State and Materials Chemistry) 2h/W
Topics include structural types and trends, including descriptive chemistry, crystal defects, nonstoichiometry, solid solutions, Crystal structure of solids: Fundamental Types of lattices, Simple crystal structure, Glasses, Crystal diffraction by X-rays, neutrons and electrons, Atomic form factor structure factor and Integrated intensity, Experimental diffraction methods,. Defects: Band theory of solid, Brilloin Zones; Metals: Electrical, thermal and magnetic properties, Semiconductors: Intrinsic and extrinsic, Junction properties, Transistors, rectifiers, solar cells. Ferroelectric, Piezoelectric and pyroelectric materials. Ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic materials and their properties.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.244, Physical Chemistry (Quantum Chemistry) 2 h/W
Approximate methods of quantum chemistry: variational principle; LCAO approximation; Huckel Theory; Time-independent perturbation theory. Many electron atoms: Orbital approximation, Slater determinant; Hartree-Fock self consistent field theory; Slater type orbitals. Angular momentum of many-particle systems. Spin orbital interaction; LS and JJ coupling. Spectroscopic term symbols for atoms. Molecules and Chemical bonding: Born-Oppenheimer approximation, MO and VB theories illustrated with H2-molecule; Spectroscopic term symbols for diatomics; Directed valence & hybridization in simple polyatomic molecules. An elementary treatment of scattering theory.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.245, Physical Chemistry (Physical Chemistry of Liquids and Solutions) 2h/W
Pure Substances and Mixtures : Partial Molar Quantities and Molar Quantities. Explicit Expressions for Various Extensive Variables. Gibbs-Duhem Equation. Partial Molar Quantities. Measurement of Partial Molar Volumes. Thermodynamics of Gases: Pure Ideal Gas. Mixtures of Ideal Gases. Pure Real Gases. Mixtures of Real Gases. Ideal Mixtures of Gases. Thermodynamics of Perfect and Ideal Solutions.. Effect of Pressure and Temperature on Liquid Vapor Equilibria. Depression of the Freezing . Elevation of the Boiling Temperature of a Solvent in the Presence of a Non Volatile Solute. Osmotic Pressure. Non Ideal Solutions. Variables and Excess Variables of Mixing. Effect of Temperature and Pressure on the Activity Coefficient. Applications of the Gibbs–Duhem Equation. Isothermal Diagram. Isobaric Diagram. Standard State.Liquid – Liquid Extraction. Thermodynamic .Polar liquids: dielectric properties, water, structural properties of liquid water, non-aqueous polar liquids. Electrical conductance: The phenomena of electrolysis. Electrolysis Factors affecting the electrolysis. The Faraday constant: the Avogadro constant: their relationship. Industrial uses of electrolysis. conductance- Application- Electromotive force and Electrode potential. Cell reaction and E.M.F. Electrode potential - Electrochemical series.
Practical: 3h/W, Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.246 ,Physical Chemistry (Chemical Thermodynamic)
The first law of thermodynamics, Reversible, irreversible processes. Adiabatic processes. Isothermal. P-V work . Heat Capacities ,Relationship ,The Joule-Thompson Expansion. Entropy: The second law of thermodynamics-Carnot cycle, Clausius inequality; quantitative measures of ΔS: entropy changes during the phase change. changes in entropy during isothermal expansions of an ideal gas, changes in entropy during the heating of an ideal gas; variation of ΔS with temperature - the third law of thermodynamics - absolute entropies; entropy and chemical processes; ΔS in chemical reactions. Free energy functions:- the free energy functions; Helmholtz free energy; Gibbs free energy; properties of the Gibbs free energy, pressure dependence of the Gibbs free energy, temperature dependence of the Gibbs free energy .Gibbs free energy for chemical reactions, Gibbs free energy and the equilibrium constant. Gibbs energy, entropy and enthalpy of mixing, liquid mixtures. response of equilibria to pressure, response of equilibria to temperature (van’t Hoff equation). Electrochemical work . Clapeyron and Clausius-Clapeyron equations.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.247, Physical chemistry ( Kinetic theory of gases 1h/W – Phase rule 1h/W)2h/W
Kinetic theory of gases, ideal gas model, kinetic theory of gases, equipartition theorem. Two-parameter Equations of State, Virial Coefficients, van der Waals interactions and Molecular Potentials, Temperature as a measure of Kinetic Energy, The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution for molecular speeds , The Mean Free Path and Collision frequencies, Diffusion, viscosity,thermal conductivity . Brownian movement and Avogadro's number-theory of non-ideal behavior- principle of corresponding states. Partition Functions, Translational Partition Functions. Electronic Partition Functions. Vibrational Partition Functions. Rotational Partition Functions. Phase rule, Application of the thermodynamic concepts to the analysis of phase equilibrium, phase transformations, -Gibbs Phase Rule and phase diagrams in one-component system. Binary phase diagrams. Binary phase diagrams and Gibbs free energy curves. Binary solutions with unlimited solubility. Relative proportion of phases (tie lines and the lever principle).. Binary eutectic systems (limited solid solubility). Solid state reactions (eutectoid, peritectoid reactions). Binary systems with intermediate phases/compounds. Gibbs phase rule. Temperature dependence of solubility. Multi-component (ternary) phase diagrams.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
BioChem. 271 Chemistry of Bimolecules (Chemistry of Carbohydrates ) 2h/W
Introduction, Nomenclature, Classes: Monosaccharides – Disaccharides – Oligosaccherides- Polysaccharides- Physical properties of Carbohydrates- Sugar Derivatives – Chemical Reactions – Clinical importance of Carbohydrates.
 
 
BioChem. 272 Chemistry of Bimolecules (Chemistry of Lipids ) 2h/W
Lipids of physiologic significance - Chemistry of different molecules of lipids– Fatty acids- Lipoproteins – Membrane structure assembly- Functions- Clinical importance.
 
 
BioChem. 273 Chemistry of Bimolecules (Chemistry of Amino Acids and Proteins) 2h/W
Structure of amino acids - Interactions of amino acids - Reactions of amino acids - Peptides – Protein Structures - Protein Stability - Temperature-Sensitive Mutations - Ligand-Binding Specificity - Structural Functional Proteins - Globular and Fibrous Proteins – Protein folding- Isolation and analysis of proteins - Protein Sequences determination and Evolution
Practical: 2h/W
 
 
BioChem. 274 Chemistry of Bimolecules (Chemistry of Nucleic acids-Porphyrins and their chemical application ) 2h/W
Nucleotide and nucleotides- DNA topology - Chromatin structure- Basic Properties of DNA- Plasticity in DNA Structure - Basic DNA Biology – Porphyrins biosynthesis-use of porphyrin derivatives as photosensitizers in the diagnosis and treatment of certain types of cancer by laser technology.
 
 
BioChem. 275 ( Carbohydrates and Lipid Metabolism ) 2h/W
Digestion of dietary Carbohydrates - Overview of Metabolism - The Citric Acid Cycle: The Catabolism of Acetyl-CoA - Glycolysis & the Oxidation of Pyruvate - The Energy derived from Glycolysis - Metabolism of Glycogen - Gluconeogenesis & Control of the Blood Glucose - The Pentose Phosphate Pathway - Other Pathways of Hexose Metabolism - Clinical Significances of Carbohydrates Metabolism. Digestion, Absorption and Transport of Lipids- Metabolism of saturated and unsaturated Fatty acids and Eicosanoids- Metabolism of acylglycerol and sphingolipids – Ketogenesis – Lipid- Transport- and Storage – Metabolism of Cholestrol – Synthesis of Bile Acid.
Practical: 2h/W
 
 
BioChem. 276 ( Nucleic Acid Metabolism) 2h/W
Purine Nucleotide Biosynthesis - Regulation of Purine Nucleotide Synthesis
Catabolism and Salvage of Purine Nucleotides - Pyrimidine Nucleotide Biosynthesis- Synthesis of the Thymine Nucleotides - Regulation Pyrimidine Nucleotide Biosynthesis - Catabolism and Salvage of Pyrimidine Nucleotides - Clinical Significances of Nucleotide Metabolism - Interconversion of the Nucleotides - Nucleotide coenzyme synthesis - Compound that interfere with Purine and Pyrimidine metabolism
 
 
BioChem. 277 ( Amino Acids and protein metabolism ) 2h/W
Qualitative and quantitative aspect of mammalian organic nitrogen metabolism – Extracellular and intracellular proteases – Major group reactions (aminotransferases, glutamate dehydrogenase, glutaminase)- Glutamine and alanine "cycles" - Overview of amino acid catabolism - Amino acids that generate pyruvate, Generation of acetyl-CoA from phenylalanine and tyrosine - Generation of oxoglutarate from different amino acids - Generation of succinyl-CoA from branch-chain amino acids, Nitrogen fixation - Biosynthesis of non-essential amino acids - Metabolism of catecholamines
 
 
BioChem. 278 ( Vitamins ) 2h/W
Importance - Water Soluble vitamins: Thiamin (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Pantothenic Acid (B5), Pyridoxal, Pyridoxamine, Pyridoxine (B6), Biotin, Cobalamin (B12), Folic Acid, Ascorbic Acid - Fat Soluble Vitamins: Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K - Functions, Biosynthesis, chemical structure, Role in Metabolisms, Clinical significances - Gene control.
 
 
BioChem. 279 ( Amino Acids and protein metabolism ) 2h/W
Qualitative and quantitative aspect of mammalian organic nitrogen metabolism – Extracellular and intracellular proteases – Major group reactions (aminotransferases, glutamate dehydrogenase, glutaminase)- Glutamine and alanine "cycles" - Overview of amino acid catabolism - Amino acids that generate pyruvate, Generation of acetyl-CoA from phenylalanine and tyrosine - Generation of oxoglutarate from different amino acids - Generation of succinyl-CoA from branch-chain amino acids, Nitrogen fixation - Biosynthesis of non-essential amino acids - Metabolism of catecholamines.
 
 

Fors.Chem.281, Forensic Chemistry ( Introduction to Forensic Chemistry) 2h/W
Forensic Chemistry : The history and principles of forensic science. Types of forensic evidence, their use and validity Introduction to criminalistics (chemical, forensic, analytical techniques) with the role, functions, operations and organization of a scientific police laboratory.

 

 
Fors.Chem.282, Forensic Chemistry ( Principles of Immunology 1h/W- Chemical Aspects of Pharmacology 1h/W) 2h/W
Basic principles of the immune response system of humans and related mammals. Concepts of B & T cell function and interrelationships emphasized.
An introduction to the chemical principles of pharmacology. The chemical classification, acid- base chemistry, and stereochemical properties of drugs and the reactivity of drugs with biological systems will be discussed.
 
 
Fors.Chem.283, Forensic Chemistry ( Forensic Toxicology ) - 2h/W
Concepts of toxicology, including its historical development and modern applications, drug disposition, mechanisms of toxicity; factors that influence toxicity and toxicity evaluation.
A study of qualitative and quantitative principles and procedures used in the detection, identification, isolation, purification, and potency determination of drugs.
Biological, chemical, and pharmacological principles of forensic toxicology
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Third Level
Chem. 311, Analytical chemistry (Gravimetry 1h/W - thermogravimetry 1h/W )2h/W
Gravimetry, thermogravimetry and volatilization
General principles; preliminary treatment; precipitation step, filtration and washing of the precipitate; drying or ignition of the precipitate; thermal analysis; volatilization or evolution methods.
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.312, Analytical chemistry (Analytical Separation methods 1h/W -Electrochemical analysis 1h/W)2h/W
Analytical Separation methods : The purpose of this course is to introduce the student to the theory and application of separation methods . This course will cover the following topics .Classification of separation methods : separation by precipitation, distillation, and solvent extraction. Theory and application of chromatography. Gas Chromatography. High Performance liquid Chromatography (HPLC) . Thin –Layer Chromatography. Supercritical fluid Chromatography (SFC) . Electrophoresis .
Electrochemical analysis: Introduction; potentiometry, voltametry, polarography, electrodeposition, coulometry and conductometry.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.313, Analytical chemistry (Gravimetry and thermogravimetry 1h/W - Electrochemical analysis 1h/W )
Gravimetry, thermogravimetry and volatilization, General principles; preliminary treatment; precipitation step, filtration and washing of the precipitate; drying or ignition of the precipitate; thermal analysis; volatilization or evolution methods. Electrochemical analysis, Introduction; potentiometry, voltametry, polarography, electrodeposition, coulometry and conductometry.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.314, Analytical chemistry (Volumetric and gravimetric analyses 1h/W - Chromatographic Separation Techniques 1h/W)
Volumetric analysis: Stoichiometric calculations. Review of fundamental concepts; concentration of solutions. Acid–base theories, acid–base equilibria in water; the pH scale; weak acids and bases and their salts, buffers and polyprotic acids and their salts. Acid–Base titrations and their curves. Precipitation reactions, their titrations and their curves. Complexometric Titrations EDTA titrations, their curves and their indicators .Oxidation–Reduction Reactions and Titrations; Redox titration curves; indicators and applications. Problems. Gravimetric Analysis: Precipitation step; filtration and washing of the precipitate and drying or ignition of the precipitate.
Chromatographic Separation Techniques: Principles of chromatography; classification of chromatography; techniques of column chromatography; column efficiency in chromatography; size exclusion chromatography, ion exchange chromatography; gas chromatography; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); super critical fluid chromatography; thin–layer chromatography; paper chromatography; electrophoresis and capillary zone.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.315, Analytical chemistry ( Volumetric and gravimetric analyses ) 1h/W
Volumetric analysis: Stoichiometric calculations. Review of fundamental concepts; concentration of solutions. Acid–base theories, acid–base equilibria in water; the pH scale; weak acids and bases and their salts, buffers and polyprotic acids and their salts. Acid–Base titrations and their curves. Precipitation reactions, their titrations and their curves. Complexometric Titrations EDTA titrations, their curves and their indicators .Oxidation–Reduction Reactions and Titrations; Redox titration curves; indicators and applications. Problems.
Gravimetric Analysis: Precipitation step; filtration and washing of the precipitate and drying or ignition of the precipitate.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.316, Analytical chemistry (Electro chemical analysis 1h/W- Spectrochemical Analysis 1h/W - ) 2h/W
Electro chemical analysis: Introduction; potentiometry; voltametry; polaragraphy; electrodeposition, coulometry and conductometry.
Chromatographic Separation Techniques: Principles of chromatography; classification of chromatography; techniques of column chromatography; column efficiency in chromatography; size exclusion chromatography, ion exchange chromatography; gas chromatography; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); super critical fluid chromatography; thin–layer chromatography; paper chromatography; electrophoresis and capillary zone.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.321, inorganic Chemistry (The Chemistry of Transition Metals ,d-Block elements) 2h/W
General properties of transition metals (d-block elements)- Chemistry of scandium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron ,cobalt, nickel, copper and zinc groups in terms of their electronic configuration, different oxidation states, physical and chemical properties of the elements and their compounds. Structure of some important compounds. Isolation of elements. Uses and applications.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem. 322, Inorganic Chemistry (coordination Chemistry ) 2 h/W
Werner theory of coordination chemistry- Classification of ligands and complexes- Nomenclature- Coordination number and stereochemistry of complexes- preparation of complexes- Isomerisms among inorganic complexes- Detection of complexes in solid and solution- Nature of metal-ligand bonding in complexes- Valence bond, Crystal field and ligand field theories. Stability of complexes- Inorganic reaction mechanism.
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.323, Inorganic Chemistry (Coordination Chemistry and The Chemistry of Transition Metals -1) 2 h/W
Coordination Chemistry: Werner theory of coordination chemistry- Classification of ligands and complexes- Nomenclature- Coordination number and stereochemistry of complexes- preparation of complexes- Isomerisms among inorganic complexes- Detection of complexes in solid and solution- Nature of metal-ligand bonding in complexes- Valence bond, Crystal field and ligand field theories. Stability of complexes- Inorganic reaction mechanism.
The Chemistry of Transition Metals (d-Block elements) :General properties of transition metals (d-block elements)- Chemistry of scandium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron ,cobalt, nickel, copper and zinc groups in terms of their electronic configuration, different oxidation states, physical and chemical properties of the elements and their compounds. Structure of some important compounds. Isolation of elements. Uses and applications.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.331 , Organic Chemistry (Heterocyclic Chemistry)
Introduction to heterocyclic chemistry and importance of heterocycles - Three membered heterocyclic rings with one heteroatom - Five membered heterocyclic rings with one heteroatom (pyrrole, furan and thiophene) - Benzoderivatives of five-membered heterocycles with one heteroatom - Five membered heterocyclic rings with two or more heteroatoms - Six membered heterocyclic rings with one heteroatom and their benzoderivatives (pyridines, quinolines and isoquinolines) - Six membered heterocyclic rings with two or more heteroatoms.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.332, Organic Chemistry (Synthesis Chemistry-1 –Organometallic Chemistry ) 2h/W
Organic synthesis. Formation of carbon - Carbon bonds:
(a) Base – catalyzed condensation: Condensation of carbanions with aldehydes, ketones and esters – The alkylation of carbanions – Addition of carbanions to activated olefins.(b) Acid – catalyzed condensations: The self condensation of olefins - Friedel Craft's reactions - perkin reaction – condensation of aldehydes and ketones - Mannich reaction.(c) Enolates: Control of extent of alkylation - Michael reactions – Robinson annelation. Carbanions stabilised by second-row elements: Use of sulphur- and phosphorus stabilized nucleophilic species in C–C bond formation, especially olefination (Wittig and Julia olefinations reactions) - concept and use of umpolung-type reagents. Organometallic chemistry. Organometallic compounds contain a carbon-metal bond - Organolithium reagents - Grignard reagents - Using organometallics to make organic molecules - Organosilicon compounds – Organotin compounds.
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.333, Organic Chemistry (Petroleum chemistry and petrochemical ) 2h/W
A general idea - importance, occurrence, and transportation- origin of petroleum- inorganic theory (carbide theory) organic theory-factors affecting transformation to petroleum- composition of petroleum hydrocarbon constituents (paraffin's, aromatics, apothems) non-hydrocarbon constituents (sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen, and metallic compounds together with resinous and asphaltic materials) specifications of petroleum and its products- classification of crude petroleum (according the chemical composition and the sulphur percentage) some physical aspects concerning petroleum fuels (diesel index, cetane number and octane number of motor and aviation fuel) manufacturing processes and oil refinery- separation processes- distillation- absorption- adsorption solvent extraction- conversion processes- production of motor and jet fuels-cracking- reforming- isonierisation - refining and treating processes-refining of light petroleum products - removal of H2S, of mercaptans, sweetening - and desulphurization processes, and hydrogen treatment refining of lubricating oils- acid treatment, clay treatment and dewaxingmiscellaneous refining processes (water removal, and stability of gasoline)motor aviation, jet and diesel fuels composition - volatility, combustion, stability, corrosion petrochemistry.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.334 Organic Chemistry –Stereochemistry – 2h/W
This course covers the stereochemistry of organic compounds; chirality’s; resolution and analysis of enantiomers and diastereomers, conformational isomerism and geometrical isomerism. Introduction to stereo selective synthesis and drug design will be given. In addition, stereo selectivity in nature and spectroscopic determination of relative and absolute chirality’s will be discussed.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.336, Organic Chemistry (Physical Organic Chemistry ) 2h/W
Aromatic electrophilic substitution - hyperconjugation - photochemistry - photodissociation reaction - photochemical reduction and oxidation - photochemical isomerisation of cis- & trans – unsaturated dcompounds - photochemical cycloadditions - Hammett equation – Taft equation - free radicals.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.337 , Organic Chemistry (Heterocyclic Chemistry)
Introduction to heterocyclic chemistry and importance of heterocycles - Three membered heterocyclic rings with one heteroatom - Five membered heterocyclic rings with one heteroatom (pyrrole, furan and thiophene) - Benzoderivatives of five-membered heterocycles with one heteroatom - Five membered heterocyclic rings with two or more heteroatoms - Six membered heterocyclic rings with one heteroatom and their benzoderivatives (pyridines, quinolines and isoquinolines) - Six membered heterocyclic rings with two or more heteroatoms.
 
 
Chem.338, Organic Chemistry (Synthesis Chemistry –Organometallic Chemistry ) 2h/W
Organic synthesis.
Formation of carbon - Carbon bonds: (a) Base – catalyzed condensation: Condensation of carbanions with aldehydes, ketones and esters – The alkylation of carbanions – Addition of carbanions to activated olefins.(b) Acid – catalyzed condensations: The self condensation of olefins - Friedel Craft's reactions - perkin reaction – condensation of aldehydes and ketones - Mannich reaction.(c) Enolates: Control of extent of alkylation - Michael reactions – Robinson annelation. Carbanions stabilised by second-row elements: Use of sulphur- and phosphorus stabilized nucleophilic species in C–C bond formation, especially olefination (Wittig and Julia olefinations reactions) - concept and use of umpolung-type reagents. Organometallic chemistry. Organometallic compounds contain a carbon-metal bond - Organolithium reagents - Grignard reagents - Using organometallics to make organic molecules - Organosilicon compounds – Organotin compounds.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.339, Organic Chemistry (Organic reactions and orbital symmetry) 2h/W
Organic reactions and orbital symmetry - concerted and stepwise reactions - theory of concerted reactions - molecular orbital theory - pericyclic reactions - general rules for pericylic reactions - the Woodward Hoffmann selection rules - frontier orbital approach (HOMO - LUMO ) concept, the energy correlation diagram approach, the aromatic transition state concept - aromaticity and aromatic character - valence bond theory of aromaticity - molecular orbital theory of aromaticity - non-benzenoid aromatics - electrocyclic reactions - cycloadditions sigmatropic rearrangements.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.341, Physical chemistry ( Electrochemistry) 2h/W
Reversible processes; Reversible galvanic cells- EMF and its measurements- types of electrodes- relation between cell potential and free energy- types of cells (concentration cells- electrochemical cells-cells with and without transfer)" applications of EMF measurements. Irreversible processes; Types of overpotential (ohmic-concentration-activation) electrode kinetics- Tafel equation- exchange current-mechanism of hydrogen and oxygen reduction- storage cells (reversible and irreversible)- fuel cells.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.342, Physical Chemistry (Chemical kinetics ) 2h/W
Elementary reaction kinetics: Definition of Elementary reactions - The molecularity of a reaction - Molecularity vs. order -The rate laws Variations of concentrations with time . The determination of the reaction order from the integration method - Fractional lifetime method - The isolation method - Comparison of these methods. The temperature dependence of reaction rates (The Arrhenius equation). Energy of activation, calculation of activation energies. Potential energy surfaces. Consecutive elementary reactions - Mechanism of chemical reactions -The rate-determining step - The steady state approximation . Kinetic of revisable reactions. Chain Reactions: Introduction - The rate laws of chain reactions: Example of a chain reaction having a complicated rate law - The formation of HBr from hydrogen and bromine. Special case: Explosions. parallel reactions .A theoretical approach to chemical kinetics: Collision theory -The reaction profile in the Collision Theory-Derivation of the rate law through the Collision theory - Activated complex theory -The reaction profile in the ACT- Derivation of the rate law through the-ACT (the thermodynamic derivation) -The activated complex theory and reactions between ions. The Lindemann Hinshelwood Mechanism - First-order gas phase kinetics Unimolecular Reactions. Influence of solvent and pressure on rates in solution - Primary salt effect in ionic reactions.
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.343, Physical Chemistry (Surface chemistry) 2h/W
Liquid interfaces, surface tension and surface free energy, measurement of surface and interfacial tension, spreading coefficient; adsorption at liquid interface, study of surfactants including applications like wetting foaming and antifoaming agents, hlb classification, solubilization, detergency, adsorption on solid interface, solid-gas and solid-liquid interfaces, complex films, electrical properties of interfaces. The terminology of surface chemistry is introduced. Liquid-gas interface and liquid-liquid interface. Measurement techniques for surface and interfacial tension are discussed. The importance of interfacial free surface science is explained through relevant examples. Wetting, detergency, micelle formation, emulsions, microemulsions, foam stability, ore flotation, and adsorption at the gas-solid and liquid-solid interfaces. Liquid interfaces: interfacial tension, adsorption at interfaces, surface active agents, adhesion and cohesion, wetting and contact angle, spreading, nucleation processes.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.344, Physical Chemistry (Statistical Mechanics) 2h/W
Statistical Mechanics, Introduction to statistical thermodynamics - postulates, microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles, partition function and thermodynamics, fluctuation, statistical mechanics of independent particles - degeneracy of energy levels and equilibrium distribution function in Maxwell-Bolzmann, Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics.
Statistical mechanics of mono-,diatomic and polyatomic ideal gas -contribution of rotation, vibration and translation to partition function, electronic contribution to the specific heat of diatomic gases. Solids - vibrational contribution to the specific heat of solids, Einstein-Born-Debye model.
Classical statistical mechanics - phase space, Liouville's theorem. Intermolecular interaction. Application to - imperfect gases, liquid structure, chemical equilibrium and phase equilibrium. Transport properties in gases and condensed phases - kinetic theory of gases, diffusion in solution, transport in electrolyte solutions - Debye-Huckel Theory; Beyond the Debye-Huckel approximation - Debye-Huckel-Bronsted theory, Debye-Huckel-Onsager theory.
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.345, Physical Chemistry (Colloid Chemistry 1h/W-Photochemistry 1h/W)2h/W
Colloid chemistry: Colloidal state, classification of colloidal solution, true solution, colloidal solution and suspensions, preparation of sol, Purification of colloidal solutions, General properties and optical properties, stability of colloids, coagulation of lyphobic sols, electrical properties of sols, kinetic properties of colloids:- Brownion movement, Osmotic pressure, light scattering (Tyndall effect) and sedimentation methods for measuring particle size and particle weight are reviewed., emulsions, gels, colloidal electrolytes and applications of colloids.
Photochemistry: The interaction of light with matter. Quantum theory for the absorption of electromagnetic radiation. Electronic transitions. (pi, pi*) and (n,pi*) states. Spin multiplicity of excited states. State (Jablonski) diagrams. Emission spectra. Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Relationship to absorption spectra. Experimental measurement techniques: the spectrofluorimeter and Deactivation of excited states. Radiative and radiationless transitions. Internal conversion and inter-system crossing. Types and mechanisms of electronic energy transfer. Kinetics of photochemical processes. Rate constants. Quantum yields and actinometry. Excited state lifetimes and their measurements. Flash photolysis. Quenching processes: the Stern- Volmer equation. Photosensitization. Rates of energy transfer: the diffusion-controlled limit and the Debye equation. Use of sensitisers. Norrish type I and II processes. Comparison of S1 and T1 biradicals. Photofragmentation reactions: the Barton reaction.
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.346, Physical Chemistry (Chemical kinetics 1h/W – photochemistry 1h/W) 2h/W
Chemical kinetic - Measurement of reaction rates - first, second and third order reaction -Determination of order of reaction - Reversible, consecutive and parallel reactions - Energy of activation, calculation of activation energies - collision theory of bimolecular reactions-collision theory of unimolecular reactions - Chain reactions - Primary salt effect in ionic reactions- Photochemistry: The interaction of light with matter. Quantum theory for the absorption of electromagnetic radiation. Electronic transitions. (pi, pi*) and (n,pi*) states. Spin multiplicity of excited states. State (Jablonski) diagrams. Emission spectra. Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Relationship to absorption spectra. Experimental measurement techniques: the spectrofluorimeter and Deactivation of excited states. Kinetics of photochemical processes. Rate constants. Quantum yields and actinometry. Excited state lifetimes and their measurements. Flash photolysis. Quenching processes: the Stern- Volmer equation. Photosensitization. Rates of energy transfer: the diffusion-controlled limit and the Debye equation. Use of sensitisers. Norrish type I and II processes. Comparison of S1 and T1 biradicals. Photofragmentation reactions: the Barton reaction.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 351, Applied Physical Chemistry (Surface chemistry – 1h/W - Colloid Chemistry-1h/W) 2h/W
The terminology of surface chemistry is introduced. Liquid-gas interface and liquid-liquid interface. Measurement techniques for surface and interfacial tension are discussed. The importance of interfacial free surface science is explained through relevant examples. Wetting, detergency, micelle formation, emulsions, microemulsions, foam stability, ore flotation, and adsorption at the gas-solid and liquid-solid interfaces.
The terminology of colloid chemistry is introduced. The importance of polydispersity in colloidal systems is explained. Osmotic pressure, light scattering (Tyndall effect) and sedimentation methods for measuring particle size and particle weight are reviewed. Among the topics treated are the formation and stability of colloidal systems,
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 352, Applied Physical Chemistry (Materials Chemistry) 2h/W
Classification of solids. Materials characterization techniques and processing. Phosphors and Lasers - Properties, preparations and structures. Alloys - Preparations, structures and applications. Ceramics - Preparations and structural chemistry. Superconductors, electro-optics and semiconductors. Biomaterials - space filling models, scaffolding materials. Electrode Materials - Transition metal oxides, carbon and graphite electrodes. Zeolites - Preparations, structures and applications.
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 353, (Organic chemistry in medicine-1h/W and agriculture-1h/W ) 2h/W
The synthesis of organic compounds of medicinal and agricultural interest. General principles of drug action; Structure-Activity Relationships; Principles of drug design. Synthetic approaches to selected pharmacologically active compounds e.g. sulphonamides, pyrimidines, penicillins, central nervous system drugs - tranquillizers, antidepressants, hallucinogens. Insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, growth regulators. Natural products used in medicine and agriculture.
 
 
Appl.Chem.354, Applied Organic Chemistry (Petroleum and petrochemistry) 2h/W
A general idea - importance, occurrence, and transportation- origin of petroleum- inorganic theory (carbide theory) organic theory-factors affecting transformation to petroleum- composition of petroleum hydrocarbon constituents (paraffin's, aromatics, apothems) non-hydrocarbon constituents (sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen, and metallic compounds together with resinous and asphaltic materials) specifications of petroleum and its products- classification of crude petroleum (according the chemical composition and the sulphur percentage) some physical aspects concerning petroleum fuels (diesel index, cetane number and octane number of motor and aviation fuel) manufacturing processes and oil refinery- separation processes- distillation- absorption- adsorption solvent extraction- conversion processes- production of motor and jet fuels-cracking- reforming- isonierisation - refining and treating processes-refining of light petroleum products - removal of H2S, of mercaptans, sweetening - and desulphurization processes, and hydrogen treatment refining of lubricating oils- acid treatment, clay treatment and dewaxingmiscellaneous refining processes (water removal, and stability of gasoline)motor aviation, jet and diesel fuels composition - volatility, combustion, stability, corrosion petrochemistry. This course aims at teaching students about the processes of chemical transformation, production of petrochemical products and their transformations.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 355, Biotechnology in the chemistry and food industries 2h/W
Industrial fermentation. Fermentation kinetics. Fermentor design and operation. Food processing plant sanitation and food spoilage. Selected food and animal feed produced by the action of microorganisms. Biogas. Unit operations of the food industry. The techniques for processing meat, fish and poultry, fruit and vegetables and dairy. Thermal processing, freezing, juices and concentrates, jams and jellies, irradiation, frying, pickling, curing and smoking of meats, preservatives. Water relations in food processing, drying and dehydration. Enzymes in food processing. Packaging. New technologies. Food additives and flavorings. Naturally occurring toxicants in foods. Food contaminants.
 
 
Env.Chem. 361, Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry 2h/W
Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry: Concept and Scope, Chemical composition of air: Classification of elements, chemical speciation, particles, ions and radicals in the atmosphere. Chemical processes for formation of inorganic and organic particulate matter. Thermochemical and photochemical reactions in the atmosphere and their effects. Chemistry of oxygen, ozone and air pollutants. Ozone depletion, global warming and climatic change.Water Chemistry: Chemistry of water, concept of Dissolved Oxygen, BOD, COD. Sedimentation, coagulation, filtration and redox potential. Principles in water purification - Ion Exchange, Electrodialysis, Reverses Osmosis.Soil Chemistry: Inorganic and organic components of soil, Chemical properties of soil - Saline, Acidic and Alkaline Soils - Micro and Macro Nutrients of Soil. Nitrogen pathways in soil. Concepts of major, trace and REE. Classification of trace elements. Mobility of trace elements.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 362 Environmental Chemistry (Mineral and Water Resources ) 2h/W
Mineral Resources and Environment: Resources and reserves, Mineral and population, Oceans as new areas for exploration of mineral resources. Ocean ore and recycling of resources. Environmental impact of exploitation, processing and smelting of minerals. Water Resources and Environment: Global water balance. Ice sheets and fluctuations of sea levels. Origin and composition of sea water. Hydrological cycle. Factors influencing the surface water. Types of water. Resources of oceans, Ocean pollution by toxic wastes. Human usage of surface and ground waters. Ground water pollution. Land use planning: The land use plan. Soil survey in relation to land use planning. Methods of site selection and evaluation.
Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 363 Environmental Chemistry (Atmospheric Chemistry)2h/W
Introduction to atmospheric science includes the thermodynamics and dynamics of properties of constituent gases, energy and mass conservation in the atmosphere, internal energy and entropy in dry and moist processes, water vapor in the atmosphere, static and conditional stability, non-internal equations of motion, hydrostasis, geostrophy. Chemistry discussion includes thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetic processes in the atmosphere, role of photolysis and gas phase oxidation processes, heterogeneous chemistry, origin of ozone layer, fundamentals of biogeochemical cycles: (e.g. CO2); Radiation discussion includes solar and terrestrial radiation, major absorbers, radiation balance, radioactive equilibrium, radioactive-convective equilibrium, basics of molecular, aerosol, and cloud adsorption and scattering.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 364, Environmental Chemistry (Water and Soil Pollution )2h/W
Water Pollution: Definition; Water Pollution, Pure water, Water borne diseases ,Biochemical oxygen demand ,Eutrophication, Disolved organic compunds Acidic pollutants ,Cyanides, Aluminium, Heavy metals, Arsenic, Oil slicks at sea and dealing with them , organic pollutants. Radioactive pollutants, Thermal pollution, Movement of pollutants. Consequences of water pollution. Water quality indices.
Soil Pollution: Definition, Sources and classification of soil pollutants and their impacts on physico-chemical and biological properties of soil, plants, animals and man. Physico-chemical and bacteriological sampling and analysis of soil quality. Industrial waste effluents and heavy metals, their interactions with soil components. Soil micro-organisms and their functions, degradation of insecticides, fungicides and weedicides in soil. Interaction of fertilizer (NPK) with different components of soil. Soil pollution control measures. Wasteland and their reclamation.
 
 
Env.Chem. 365, Environmental Chemistry (Air, Noise and Radioactive Pollution contral ) 2/hW
Air Pollution: Definition, Sources and Classification of air pollutants. Transport and diffusion of pollutants. Gas laws governing the behavior of pollutants in the atmosphere. Monitoring and control of exhaust emissions. Brief account on alternatives. Effects of air pollution on man, animals, plants, inanimate objects and climate. Ambient air quality standards and air pollution indices. Air sampling and monitoring techniques - settleable and suspended particulate matter - Dust Fall Jar and Impingement Method; High Volume Air Sampler (community Air monitoring); Stack gas/dust Sampling technique and other techniques of air monitoring for pollutants. Automobile pollution in Egypt cities. Monitoring and control of exhaust emissions; Brief account on alternatives. Control of Air Pollution - Dust control equipments; settling chambers, inertial separators, cyclonic filters, electrostatic precipitators and scrubbers. Gaseous pollution control technology; combustion, closed collection and recovery system. Air pollution survey program for an urban environment. . Noise Pollution: Definition, Sources and terminology; types of noise; measurement of noise; noise indices; effect of meteorological parameters on noise propagation. Noise exposure level and standards. Noise control and abatement measures. Radioactive and thermal pollution: Definition, Sources, Radioactive standards for air and water. Control measures.
 
 
Env.Chem. 366, Environmental Chemistry (Chemistry of pesticides – chemical Toxins ) 2h/W
Introduction – botanical insecticides – synthetic – fungicides – herbicides – fumigants – rodenticides – pesticides in the environment – nematicides – future developments. Toxic chemicals in Air, water; Pesticides in water. Biochemical aspects of As,Cd, Pb, Hg, CO, O3, PAN, Pesticides, MIC and carcinogens in air.
 
 
BioChem. 371 Enzymes 2h/W
Chemical nature of enzymes – Mechanism of enzyme action and its regulation – Classification of enzymes – Coenzymes – Factors affecting rate of enzyme action – Enzyme specificity and its types – Types of active sites – enzyme inhibitors and types of feedback inhibition – non-specific inhibitors – Enzyme in clinical diagnosis – enzyme – hormone relationship – enzyme kinetics.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem. 372 Hormones 2h/W
Characteristics of Hormonal Systems - Mechanism of Action - Classes: Hypothalamic Hormones - Pituitary Hormones: Anterior pituitary hormones & Posterior Pituitary -Thyroid Hormones - Adrenal cortex Hormones -Adrenal Medulla Hormones - Pineal gland Hormones - Pancreatic Hormones - Gonadal Hormones: Androgens & Estrogens - Placenta Hormones - Gastro-intestinal Hormones - Hormones that Regulate Calcium Metabolism (Hormones of Parathyroid gland) - Thymus Gland Hormone – Arachedonic acid Hormones – Functions & Roles in Metabolic Reactions, Clinical Significances.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem. 373 Chemistry of Macro-molecules 2h/W
Two Hybrid Protein - Protein Interactions, DNA - Protein Interactions, Secondary Structure in Protein Analysis, DNA and RNA polymerases, Collagen Biosynthesis and assembly- Heme biosynthesis and degradation – prostaglandins – Mucopolysaccharides, Storage Polysaccharides
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem. 374 Water and Mineral Metabolism 2h/W
*Water: Total body water – Intracellular and extra cellular water – water distribution – Water balance – Factors affecting total body water and its distributions – measurements of water in body compartments – metabolic water.
*Nutritional minerals: Chemistry, functions, metabolism and abnormalities in diseases of Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Lithium, Chloride, Phosphorus, Carbonate.
*Nutrtional trace metals and non-metals: Chemistry, Functions – Metabolism and abnormalities in diseases of Zinc, Cobalt, Chromium, Boron, Fluoride, Iodine etc.
*Toxic metals: Toxic effects of Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, … Etc.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem. 375 Nucleic Acids and Genetic Information 2h/W
Chemistry and Biochemistry of Nucleic acids: general introduction on nucleic acids as the fourth major compounds (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids) – Structural units of nucleic acids (mononucleotides) – Chemical composition of mononucleotides – Physico-chemical composition and properties of mononucleotides – Natural and some synthetic nucleotides and nucleotides as compounds used in the treatment of some serial diseases and cancers –Conformation and structure in space of nucleic acids DNA & RNA – Biosynthesis of purines and pyrimidines – Metabolic roles of ATP, GTP, UTP, CTP & TTP – DNA and its role in the transfer of the genetic characters – Physical and chemical effects of radiation and chemical compounds on mutagenesis & DNA repair.
 
 
BioChem. 376 Biotechnology and Their Applications 2h/W
General introduction on biotechnology – Basic techniques used within biotechnology laboratories - Applications of DNA/RNA technology - Biotechnology and Drug Discovery - Basic processes used in genetic engineering - Methods used in obtaining gene products - Forensic Biotechnology (The role of biotechnology in the field of forensic science and forensic medicine) - Microbial Biotechnology (bioremediation, bioterrorism, infectious diseases) - Enzyme technology - Aapplications of biotechnology - Agricultural Biotechnology & Genetically Modified Food - Biotechnology and the Developing World - Environmental Impact of Biotechnology.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem. 377 Body fluid 2h/W
Blood: Blood elements – Plasma proteins (types, separation, functions, abnormalities indiseases, synthesis), Erythrocytes (composition, metabolic characteristics, gas transport and exchange, alkalosis and acidosis), hemoglobins (types, structures, abnormal hemoglobins, combination with oxygen and CO2). Blood chemistry and analysis – Anemias.
Urine: Composition – Pigments of Urine – Urine proteins – Urine enzymes – Organic and Inorganic constituents of urine – diguria and anuria – Urine analysis – Ketonuria and alkaptonurea – Phenyl ketonuria.
Other Fluids: Composition and functions of CSF, lymph, synovial fluids, Sweat, tears, saliva, amniotic fluid, semin, glandular secretions.
Milk: Colostrum – Immature milk, Nature milk – Milk proteins and enzymes – Milk fats and sugars, Milk vitamins and minerals, Biological value of milk and milk products – Physiology of lactation – Dairy industry.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem. 378 Clinical biochemistry 2h/W
Basic principles of clinical Biochemistry: Collection of specimens – sources of variations in test results – Normal and reference ranges – assessment of diagnostic tests [sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, precisions, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) …..etc] - Disorders of moiety metals and non-metals as well as trace metals and trace non-metals - Abnormalities of plasma proteins - Use of plasma enzymes in diagnosis – Renal and liver diseases – Gastrointestinal tract diseases – Disorders of carbohydrate , fats, purine andporphyrin metabolism – Abnormalities of thyroid, adrenal cortex, adrenal medulla, hypothalamus and pituitary functions – Molecular biology in clinical Biochemistry.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
BioChem. 379 Principle of Biochemistry 2h/W
Introduction, Nomenclature, Classes: Monosaccharides – Disaccharides – Oligosaccherides- Polysaccharides- Physical properties of Carbohydrates- Sugar Derivatives – Chemical Reactions – Clinical importance of Carbohydrates.
Structure of amino acids - Interactions of amino acids - Reactions of amino acids - Peptides – Protein Structures - Protein Stability - Temperature-Sensitive Mutations - Ligand-Binding - Structural Functional Proteins .
 
 
Fors.Chem.381, Forensic Chemistry ( Forensic biology ) 2h/W
The student will investigate the role of body fluids including blood, urine, and semen in the investigation of a crime. The student will explore the use and abuse of toxic substances in society and investigate the role of the forensic toxicologist as it pertains to violations of. The student will investigate the role of DNA in crime scene investigations.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Fors.Chem.382, Forensic Chemistry ( Microbial toxins ) 2h/W
Bacterial toxins, algae toxins and fungal toxins. Mycotoxines and mycotoxicosis, ergot alkaloids , biosynthesis of ergot alkaloids, lysergic acid alkaloids and production of ergot alkaloids. Toxin produced in fermentation processes, aflatoxins, polyketides , patuline and penicillinic acid and derivatives .Detection of mycotoxines in food commodities by chemical methods.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Fors.Chem.383, Forensic Chemistry (Physics for forensic evidence -1 ) 2h/W
Introduction to Forensic Science and its applications in Criminology. Crime scene examination. Types of trace evidences from scenes of crime & collection procedures.
Techniques of visualization and comparison of prints and scene marks. Physical examination of trace evidence, paint, glass and fibers. Light microscopy and comparison microscope. Basic techniques of photography for use in crime scene and evidence examination. Types of electromagnetic radiation, regions and properties.
Radiation interaction with matter; reflection, transmission, absorption, scattering, excitation & ionization. Spectroscopy; basics, types, techniques and its high accuracy& precision. Application of spectroscopic methods in criminology for evidence identifications. X-rays; sources, types, properties and applications. UV& IR uses and applications in Forensic Science. Physical examination of Fingerprints.
Study cases. Questions, exercises and problems.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Fors.Chem.384, Forensic Chemistry (Quantitative Biology 1h/W - Basic Methods in Molecular Cloning1h/W)
Types of data. Sampling, Graphing techniques. Diversity indices (Weaver and Sorenson) procedures. Comparing means. One-way ANOVA. Scheffe tests. MINITAB introduction. Fisher's testing. MINITAB one-way and two-way ANOVA, randomised block design and application. ANOVA assumptions and Levene test for variance equality. Two-way ANOVA with replication and interaction summaries. T-test dependent samples (repeated measures) and t-test independent. CHI-SQUARE-introduction and contingency tables. Regression, correlation and Mann-Whitney U test. Spearman Rank Correlation (non parametric). Kruskal Wallis. Kendall's coefficient of concordance. Basic Methods in Molecular Cloning ,This course is designed to expose students to basic molecular cloning techniques, such as genomic library construction, preparation of plasmid DNA, subcloning, nucleic acid hybridization and DNA sequencing.
Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Fourth Level
Chem.411, Analytical chemistry (Spectrochemical analysis 1h/W - Ore analysis 1h/W ) 2h/W
Spectrochemical analysis: Overview of spectroscopic theory and techniques. Ultra–violet and visible spectroscopy. Atomic absorption and emission. X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy . Infrared spectroscopy. Application.
Ore analysis : Concentration of ores; sampling; choice of method; solution of the sample; preconcentration of traces; selective methods for the analysis of some elements; examples for complete analysis of some ores; instruments and automated analysis and cement analysis.
Pre-requisite: Chem 211, Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem. 412 : Analytical Chemistry (Preconcentration for trace elements determination) 2h/W
There is a need for Preconcentration of trace elements or ions in aqueous solutions. This course is intended to focus on the following techniques: Evaporation of Solvents; Electrodepositon; Liquid-Liquid Extraction; Surface Adsorption; Precipitation; Ion-Exchange; Ion-Exchange Impregnated Materials; Immobilized Reagents (e.g. foam, silica gel,…); Flotation and Other Methods.
Pre-requisite: Chem 211 ,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.413, Analytical chemistry ( Environmental Analytical Chemistry ) 2h/W
This course is designed to the present environmental problems and the role of chemical analysis in environmental monitoring. It deals with the various analytical methods employed in the detection and analysis of chemical pollutants ( toxic metals, pesticides, phenolic) . Industrial wastes in the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. The qualitative and quantitative aspects of common and individual pollutants analysis will be emphasized. Radioactive pollutants ( airborne dust and gases) will be covered .
Pre-requisite: Chem 211 or Chem 121 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.414, Analytical chemistry (Chromatographic Separation Techniques 1h/W- Spectrochemical Analysis 1h/W)
Chromatographic Separation Techniques: Principles of chromatography; classification of chromatography; techniques of column chromatography; column efficiency in chromatography; size exclusion chrom atography, ion exchange chromatography; gas chromatography; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); super critical fluid chromatography; thin–layer chromatography; paper chromatography; electrophoresis and capillary zone.
Spectrochemical Analysis: 1- Overview of spectroscopic theory and techniques.Ultra –violet and visible spectroscopy . 3- Atomic absorption and emission. 4- X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. 5- Infrared spectroscopy. 6- Application.
Pre-requisite: Chem 121 , Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.415, Analytical chemistry (Electro chemical analysis 1h/W- Spectrochemical Analysis 1h/W - ) 2h/W
Electro chemical analysis: Introduction; potentiometry; voltametry; polaragraphy; electrodeposition, coulometry and conductometry.
Spectrochemical Analysis: 1- Overview of spectroscopic theory and techniques. Ultra –violet and visible spectroscopy. 3- Atomic absorption and emission. 4- X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. 5- Infrared spectroscopy. 6- Applications.
Prerequisite: Chem 121, Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.416, Analytical chemistry (Ore analysis 1h/W - Water treatment 1h/W) 2h/W
Ore analysis : Concentration of ores; sampling; choice of method; solution of the sample; preconcentration of traces; selective methods for the analysis of some elements; examples for complete analysis of some ores; instruments and automated analysis and cement analysis.
Water treatment: Natural water: ground water; sea water, fresh water properties and their properties. Domestic water use: simple chemical treatment, pollution and impurities. Industrial water requirements: boiler waters, cooling systems, manufacturing processes. Municipal waste water treatment; sewage waste treatment; industrial effluent treatment and sludge treatment. Physical and chemical processes of purification, flocculation, coagulation and settling chemical precipitation and filtration.
Pre-requisite: Chem 121, Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.417, Analytical chemistry (Electro chemical analysis 1h/W- Spectrochemical Analysis 1h/W - ) 2h/W
Electro chemical analysis: Introduction; potentiometry; voltametry; polaragraphy ; electrodeposition, coulometry and conductometry.
Spectrochemical Analysis:1- Overview of spectroscopic theory and techniques. Ultra –violet and visible spectroscopy . 3- Atomic absorption and emission. 4- X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. 5- Infrared spectroscopy. 6- Applications.
Pre-requisite: Chem 121 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.421, Inorganic Chemistry (Chemistry of f-block elements- 1h/W and Organometallic compounds – 1h/W) 2h/W
f-block elements: General properties of lanthanides and actinides- Electronic configuration- Physical and chemical properties of lanthanides- Extraction of lanthanides- Methods of separation- Application in industry- Properties of actinides- The chemistry of some elements- Trans- uranium elements.
Organometallic compounds: Organometallic compounds of: 1) non transition metal compounds, ii) alkene, iii) delocalized carboxylic groups, iv) alkyne, v) allyl and carbene compounds- Nomenclature of organometallic compounds- Application in homogeneous catalytic reactions.
Pre-requisite: Chem 221 ,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.422, Inorganic Chemistry (group theory and its applications )2h/W
Symmetry and point groups: rotation, reflection, improper rotation, inversion, multiplications of symmetry operations. Character table, its use, representation of molecular orbital. Transformation matrices and symmetry species-character tables-deduction of the symmetry properties of orbital and vibrations of molecules- effect of symmetric field on an atom or ion. Chemical applications: molecular shapes, selection rules in spectroscopy, crystal field theory, molecular orbital theory spin-orbit coupling, and stretching frequencies in IR and Raman spectroscopy. Woodward Hoffmann rules and symmetry.
Pre-requisite: Chem 244 ,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.423, Inorganic Chemistry (Mechanism of Inorganic Reaction 1h/W -Advanced inorganic coordination chemistry 1h/W) 2h/W
Mechanism of Inorganic Reaction: Introduction- Mechanism and structure- Electron transfer reactions- Oxidative addition- Reductive elimination- Tetrahedral substitution- Substitution in square planar complexes- Trans effect in square planar complexes- Substitution in octahedral complexes. Advanced inorganic coordination chemistry . Complexes of acceptor ligands: п-acid ligands- Carbon monoxide complexes- Mono and polynuclear metal carbonyls- Vibration spectra- Carboxylate anions and carbonyl hydrides- Carbonyl halides- Nitric oxide complexes- Donor complexes of groups V and VI- Cyanide complexes.
Pre-requisite: Chem 221,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.424, Inorganic Chemistry (Electronic spectra and magneto chemistry) 2h/W
Electronic spectra -Introduction – types of spectra – ligand – Field spectra – Russell – Saunders states – selection rule – terms arising in ligand field – spectra of d1 , d9 – spectra of d2 , d8 – spectra of d3 , d7 – spectra of d5 .
Magneto Chemistry: Magnetic properties of elements and compounds- Magnetic susceptibility- Paramagnetism, diamagnetism, ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism- Measurement of magnetic moments- The effect of temperature on the magnetic moments- Orbital contribution- The anomalous values of magnetic moments and stereochemistry of complexes- Applications.
Pre-requisite: Chem 221,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.425, Inorganic Chemistry (Coordination Chemistry - The Chemistry of Transition Metals -2 ) 2h/W
Structural Inorganic Chemistry : Nature of metal-ligand bonding in complexes- Valence bond theory- Limitations and disadvantages of the theory- Crystal field theory- Calculation of crystal field stabilization energy- Ligand field theory- Comparison between the theories- Geometry of the complexes- Applications.f-block Elements: General properties of lanthanides and actinides- Electronic configuration- Physical and chemical properties of lanthanides- Extraction of lanthanides- Methods of separation- Application in industry- Properties of actinides- Spectral and magnetic properties of actinides- The chemistry of some elements- Trans- uranium elements.
Pre-requisite: Chem 221, Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.431, Organic Chemistry ( Photochemistry: 1h/W - Chemical Spectroscopy -2 1h/W )2h/W
Photochemistry: Introduction: excitation and the exicted state Intramolecular reactions of the olefinic bond: gepmetrical isomerism – cyclization reactions of conjugated olefins – rearrangements – 1,4-dienes and the di-π-methane rearrangement - rearrangements – 1,5-dienes and the sigmatropic reaction. Intramolecular reactions of the carbonyl group: saturated acyclic and side chain carbonyl compounds – saturated cyclic carbonyl compounds – unsaturated carbonyl compounds – cyclohexadienones. Intermolecular cycloaddition reactions. Oxidation, reduction substitution and elimination reactions: Incorporation of molecular oxygen – oxidative coupling – reduction reactions – substitution reactions – molecular rearrangements involving elimination and substitution – formation of reactive intermediates by molecular elimination.
Spectroscopy: Short introduction to basic principles and methods: chemical shift – spin spin coupling – coupling constants – spin decoupling – relaxation, relaxation times. Recognition of structural fragments by NMR: functional groups (1H chemical shifts, Deuterium exchange, 13C chemical shifts, 15N chemical shifts) – relative configuration and conformation (HH coupling constants, CH coupling constants, NH coupling constants). Problems: application of one-dimensional 1H NMR spectra – Temperature dependent 1H and 13C NMR spectra - Application of one-dimensional 1H NMR spectra. Application of 1H and 13C NMR spectra to different macromolecules (heterocycles, natural products, proteins).
Pre-requisite: Chem 231 or Chem 236 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.432, Organic Chemistry ( Chemistry of Dyes and fibers) 2h/W
1- Dyes: color, photoelectric theory, complement-dry light, classification of dyes nitroso, nitro dyes azodyes ( monoazo and disazo dyes)triaryhnethane dyes and related dyes- triphenyl methane dyes, xanthenedyes, vat dyes, indigo dyes, anthraquinone dyes, introduction to reactive dyes, photographic sensitizers .
2- Fibers: textile fibers- fiber structure- fiber properties fiber identification- classification of fibers- cellulose fibers- cotton flax, hemp jute-man - made cellulosic fibers- rayon acetate and triacetate protein fibers- wool and silk mineral fibers- introduction to man made fibers" the processing of textiles- purification and preliminary singeing" desizingscouring bleaching and mercerizing dyeing, the kinds of forces by which dye molecules are bound to the fiber
Pre-requisite: Chem 231 ,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.433, Organic Chemistry (Chemotherapy 1h/W – Environmental chemistry and pollution 1h/W )2h/W
Chemotherapy: Disinfectants drugs - approaches to the problem of finding a drug to compact a particular disease - antibacterial agents – sulphonamides - sulphanilamide - sulphapyridine - sulphathiazole - sulphadiazine - sulphamathzine -sulphaguanidine - prontosil - prontosils - antimalarials - plasmoquin, mepacrin proguanil - arsenical drugs - antibiotics - thepenicillins - syntetic penicillins (cephalosporinic, streptomycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol) - five-membered heterocycles derivatives of pylrolidine, nitrofurans, oxazolidinediones and isoxazole, pyrazolones and pyrazolodiones.
Environmental chemistry and pollution: Some concepts and principles of Chemistry involved in environmental processes, Chemistry related to atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere, Pollutants, Atmospheric pollution (Air pollutants, Chemistry involved in Green house effect, Ozone depletion, Acid rain and Photochemical smog), Air quality standards, Aquatic pollution (Aquatic pollutants, eutrophication, Chemical speciation), Techniques of monitoring air pollutants and aquatic pollutants, Methods for minimizing pollution, Treatment methods for sewage and industrial effluents, Treatment of water for domestic use.
Pre-requisite: Chem 131 or Chem 236
 
 
Chem.434 , Organic chemistry (Carbohydrate chemistry )2h/W
History and Development of Carbohydrate Chemistry - Structures of Carbohydrates - Emil Fisher’s determination of carbohydrate structures - Formation of sugar rings, Haworth structures; conformation of carbohydrates - Reactions of carbohydrates at C-1, mutarotation and other reactions - Reactions of carbohydrates at C-1, oxidation and reduction, additions - Effects of acids and alkali on carbohydrates. Reactions of carbohydrates at C-1, formation of acetals; structures of disaccharides - Reactions of other carbons: formation of esters & ethers - Specific reactions of primary alcohols and modification of primary alcohols - Formation of anhydrides, isopropylidienes, and benzilidenes - Synthesis of glycosidic linkages, modifications at C-2 - Chemical modifications at C-3, C-4, and C-5 - Chemical tests and quantitative methods for analyzing carbohydrates. Polysaccharide structures - Structure of starch and starch granules - Structure of cellulose, chitin, murein, xanthan, and algin - Structures of other a-linked polysaccharides: pullulan, dextrans, alternan - Glycogen and glycosaminoglycans - Structure and function of glycoproteins.
Pre-requisite: Chem 231 or Chem 236 ,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.435 , Organic chemistry (Organic synthesis-2 ) 2h/W
1- Retrosynthetic analysis: creative chemistry - retrosynthetic analysis: synthesis backwards - disconnections must correspond to known, reliable reactions - synthons are idealized reagents - choosing a disconnection - multiple step syntheses: avoid chemoselectivity problems - functional group interconversion - two-group disconnections are better than one C–C disconnections - donor and acceptor synthons - two-group C–C disconnections - 1,5-related functional groups – “Natural reactivity” and “umpolung”. 2- Nature is asymmetrical - nature in the looking-glass - resolution can be used to separate enantiomers - the chiral pool-Nature’s “ready-made” chiral centers - Asymmetric synthesis - Chiral reagents and chiral catalysts. Problems
Pre-requisite: Chem 231 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.436, Organic chemistry (Polymer chemistry) 2h/W
Basic principles - introduction - definitions – polymerization processes-polymerization of unsaturated olefins or cyclic -monomers - step -growth polymerization - free radical vinyl polymerization - kinetics of the free radical vinyl polymerization for radical, mechanism of free radical polymerization, chain transfer reactions, auto inhibition, polymerization of dienes, copolymerization, kinetics of the free radical polymerization, ionic vinyl polymerization, anionic polymerization, mechanism and reactivity in anionic polymerization, stereochemistry of anionic polymerization of dienes, polymerization technique suspension, emulsion, gas and solid phase polymerization, complex catalyst systems, ring opening polymerization molecular weight, Measurement of number average molecular weight, molecular weight distribution . Chemical structure and polymer properties, cross linking, glass transition temperature reactions of vinyl polymers, ring opening of functional group, conformation of molecules, factors determining chain flexibility .Science of rubber : processing and vulcanization, elastomers, extenders, softeners to processing aids, fillers, vulcanization agents, antioxidant and antioxidants . Science of plastics; thermoplastics, properties, processing, thermosets, processing , Science of fibers :production of material and man-made-fibers, geometric characteristics, mechanical behaviour.
Pre-requisite: Chem 231
 
 
Chem.437, Organic chemistry (Chemistry of Pesticides ) 2h/W
Introduction – botanical insecticides – synthetic – fungicides – herbicides – fumigants – rodenticides – pesticides in the environment – nematicides – future developments.
Pre-requisite: Chem 231
 
 
Chemistry 438, Organic Chemistry (Environmental 1h/w - Polymer Chemistry 1h/W) 2h/W
Polymer chemistry: Introduction - basic principles - polymerization of unsaturated olefins - step growth polymerization - free radical polymerization - chain transfer reactions - polymerization of dienes - copolymerization - ionic vinyl polymerization - anionic polymerization and its stereochemistry - polymerization techniques - molecular weight measurements - chemical structure and polymer properties. Environmental chemistry : Some concepts and principles of Chemistry involved in environmental processes, Chemistry related to atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere, Pollutants, Atmospheric pollution (Air pollutants, Chemistry involved in Green house effect, Ozone depletion, Acid rain and Photochemical smog), Air quality standards, Aquatic pollution (Aquatic pollutants, eutrophication, Chemical speciation).
Pre-requisite: Chem 231 or Chem 236 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.441, Physical Chemistry - Catalysis - 2h/W
Catalysis : Criteria for Catalysis - Homogeneous Catalysis, acid-base, Enzymatic catalysis, Catalysis by metal salts, Heterogeneous catalysis - concepts of promoters, inhibitors and poisoning, , Industrially important process. Theories of Catalysis. Introduction - Homogeneous catalysis – Auto –catalysis . Kinetic and mechanism of homogeneous catalysis. Heterogeneous catalysis- kinetics and mechanisms- absolute rates of surface reaction The rates of surface processes Catalytic activity at surfaces. Shape selective catalyst. Langmuir - Hinshelwood mechanism. Eley-Rideal mechanism Examples . surface heterogeneity. Catalysts preparations, structures and applications. Enzyme Catalysis. This course emphasizes theory and applications of catalysts in important organic and inorganic operations.
Pre-requisite: Chem 241 , Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem. 442, Physical Chemistry (Advanced Electrochemistry ) 2h/W
A discussion, with experimental demonstrations of electrochemical principles to the analysis of industrial processes. The behavior of concentrated salt solutions. Theoretical principles involved in plating, refining, winning; bright electrodeposition and powder deposition of metals; aqueous and fused salts, primary and secondary cells, and electrochemistry of gases. . The theory of electrochemical corrosion, corrosion tendency, rates, and passivity. Application to various environments. Cathodic protection and coatings. Corrosion testing.
Pre-requisite: Chem 241 ,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.443, Physical Chemistry ( Molecular Spectroscopy ) 2h/W
Nature of Light and general principles" Rotation spectra- vibration spectra- electronic spectra, solvent effects on electronic spectra, chemical constitution and color. Basic theory of spectral techniques-infrared , ultraviolet/visible spectroscopy, NMR, mass spectrometry EPR Mossbauer spectroscopy and Raman spectra pertaining to electronic and molecular transitions, applications in determining the structure and bonding of molecular compounds -with emphasis on spectral interpretation skills needed for the elucidation of structure.
Pre-requisite: Chem 244 or Chem 241 ,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Chem.444, Physical Chemistry (Surface chemistry 1h/W - Catalysis 1h/W ) 2h/W
Liquid interfaces, surface tension and surface free energy, measurement of surface and interfacial tension, spreading coefficient; adsorption at liquid interface, study of surfactants including applications like wetting foaming , solid-gas and solid-liquid interfaces, Liquid-gas interface and liquid-liquid interface. Measurement techniques for surface and interfacial tension are discussed. Wetting, detergency, the gas-solid and liquid-solid interfaces. Liquid interfaces: interfacial tension, adsorption at interfaces, surface active agents, adhesion and cohesion, wetting and contact angle, spreading, nucleation processes
Catalysis: This course focuses on homogeneous catalysis - Enzyme Catalysis – Acid base catalysis - heterogeneous catalysis- kinetics and mechanisms- absolute rates of surface reaction- surface heterogeneity.
Pre-requisite: Chem 241 ,Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Chem.445, Physical Chemistry ( Surface chemistry 1h/W - Spectroscopy 1h/W) 2h/W
Liquid interfaces, surface tension and surface free energy, measurement of surface and interfacial tension, spreading coefficient; adsorption at liquid interface, study of surfactants including applications like wetting foaming , solid-gas and solid-liquid interfaces, Liquid-gas interface and liquid-liquid interface. Measurement techniques for surface and interfacial tension are discussed. Wetting, detergency, the gas-solid and liquid-solid interfaces. Liquid interfaces: interfacial tension, adsorption at interfaces, surface active agents, adhesion and cohesion, wetting and contact angle, spreading, nucleation processes.
Spectroscopy :Nature of light and general principles - Rotation spectra - vibration spectra" electronic spectra, solvent effect on electronic spectra, chemical constitution and colour- Raman spectra- chemical analysis by microwave. infrared and electronic Spectroscopy.
Pre-requisite: Chem 241 or Chem 246 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Chem.446, Physical Chemistry (Catalysis 1h/W –Colloid Chemistry 1h/W )
Catalysis: This course focuses on homogeneous catalysis - Enzyme Catalysis – Acid base catalysis - heterogeneous catalysis- kinetics and mechanisms- absolute rates of surface reaction- surface heterogeneity.
Colloid Chemistry The terminology of colloid chemistry is introduced. The importance of polydispersity in colloidal systems is explained. Osmotic pressure, light scattering (Tyndall effect) and sedimentation methods for measuring particle size and particle weight are reviewed. Among the topics treated are the formation and stability of colloidal systems.
Prerequisite, Chemistry 241 or Chem 246, Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem.451,Applied Organic Chemistry ( Chemistry and technology of Dyes and fibers) 2h/W
1- Dyes: Historical development of dyes - Dye equipment - Metric system - Dye safety - Record keeping 2- Fiber Reactive Dyes. 3- Color Theory and Dyeing: 4- Plangi (Tie-Dye): Cultural context - Design potentials - Fabric preparation - Bound resist - Fold dyeing - Tritik (stitch resist) - Clamp resists - Combined plangi techniques
5- Batik and Starch Resists: History of batik and starch resists - Design potentials - Fabric preparation - Design techniques . 6- Screen Printing on Fabric: Historical overview - Equipment-frames, screens, squeegees, printing table - Design systems and printing techniques - Stencils-paper and photographic emulsions - Fabric preparation - Thickened dye - Printing procedures - Multicolor printing and registration . 7- Marbling on Fabric: History and cultural context - Materials-size, colors, dispersing agent, alum - Surfaces to marble-wood, clay, paper, fabric – Equipment - Work space - Marbling tools-whisks, rakes, combs. 8- Acid Dyes
Dye procedure - Factors affecting dye process-acid, salt, heat, agitation, time - Stock solutions - Fiber or fabric preparation .9- Other dye techniques 10- Combining dye techniques to develop individual creativity
Pre-requisite: Chem 231 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem.452, Applied Organic chemistry (Polymer chemistry and polymer technology ) 2h/W
Polymers - Classification, synthesis, molar mass and distribution. Step-growth polymerisation, control of molar mass. Free radical addition polymerisation; Initiators and terminators, chain growth. Steady state kinetics. Thermodynamics of radical polymerisation. Cationic and anionic polymerisation-general characteristics. Copolymerisation, block copolymers, graft copolymers, ionomers. Stereochemical features of polymerisation. Polymers in solution. Crystalline, amorphous and elastomeric states. Structure - property relationships. processing and vulcanization, elastomers, extenders, softeners to processing aids, fillers, vulcanization agents, antioxidant and antioxidants . Science of plastics; thermoplastics, properties, processing, thermosets, processing , Science of fibers :production of material and man-made-fibers, geometric characteristics, mechanical behaviour. This course include also ways of making polymers such as moulding, blowing, calendering, casting, extrusion, foaming, coloring, filling with additives.
Pre-requisite: Chem 231 or Chem 236,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 453, Applied Electrochemistry 2h/W
A discussion, with experimental demonstrations of electrochemical principles to the analysis of industrial processes. The behavior of concentrated salt solutions. Theoretical principles involved in plating, refining, winning; bright electrodeposition and powder deposition of metals; aqueous and fused salts, primary and secondary cells, and electrochemistry of gases. . The theory of electrochemical corrosion, corrosion tendency, rates, and passivity. Application to various environments. Cathodic protection and coatings. Corrosion testing.
Pre-requisite: Chem 341 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 454, nanochemistry and nanotechnology 2h/W
Historical perspectives. Review of the micro and nanoscale and associated properties of matter. Micro and VLSI electronics, micro-electromechanical systems. Analysis of solids by x-ray diffraction and electron microscopy. Theories of nucleation and crystal growth. Theory and practice of molecular modeling. Supramolecular chemistry, self-assembly of nanoscale structures including molecular machines. Selective receptors as the basis of molecular sensors. Scanning probe microscopy, visualizations and characterization of materials on the nanoscale using both atomic force and scanning tunneling microscopy. Generation of surface features using scanning probe microscopy.
Pre-requisite: Chem 241 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 455, The chemical industries -2h/W
Cement industries , Glass industries Sugar industries, Forestry Industries: raw materials, major unit operations and the flow of materials through and chemical changes within them, products and possible alternatives, product quality assurance methods, possible future and developments, local and global relevance, environment issues. The Global and Caribbean Chemical Industries.
Pre-requisite: Chem 241 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 456 Applied Chemistry (Technology of industrial Organic Chemistry -1h/w - industrial Inorganic Chemistry – 1h/W) 2h/W
This course covers a number of topics: manufacturing processes based on methane, ethylene, propylene, C-4 hydrocarbons, benzene, tholuene, xylene, coal, fat, oils and carbohydrates. In addition, the course focuses on industrial processes used to produce acids (sulfuric acids), amino acids, soda, phosphates, industrial gases, glassware, pottery, and alkaline salts.
Pre-requisite: Chem 221 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem. 457, (Economics -1h/W - Planning and Management of Production Operations of chemical industry -1h/W) 2h/W
In this course, students receive instruction on principles of economics applied on chemical industry, economic feasibility studies of projects, market research, design, and cost and evaluation. This is in addition to ways of calculating costs of production and their classification. This course introduces also methods of practical work used in planning production, management of warehouses, and goods under production with lowest costs possible.
Pre-requisite: Chem 244 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Appl.Chem.458, Applied Physical Chemistry (Catalysis in industry) 2h/W
This course emphasizes theory and applications of catalysts in important organic and inorganic operations. This course also focuses homogeneous catalysis - heterogeneous catalysis- kinetics and mechanisms- absolute rates of surface reaction- surface heterogeneity. Catalysts preparations, structures and applications. Enzyme Catalysis.
Pre-requisite: Chem 241 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 461, Environmental Chemistry ( Solid Waste monitoring and management) 2h/W
Solid Waste Management and disposal: Sources and generation of solid waste, their characterization, chemical composition and classification. Dumping of garbage, commercial, industrial, agriculture, mining and power plant discharges. Disposal methods - composting, incineration and others. Hazardous Waste Management: Cyanides, Dioxins, detergents, plastics, nylon, PCBs and others - Waste minimization methods. Monitoring and management strategies. Chemical and Disaster management and risk analysis. Degradation of pesticides, detergents, plastics and polymers. Hospital Waste Management : Disposal, Types, Quantity, characterization and segregation. Preventive measures. Radioactive Waste: Sources, Half life of radioactive element, modes of decay. Effects on plants, animals and man. Low-level and High-level Radioactive Waste Management; waste minimization and treatment. Radiation standards by the Nuclear Regulatory. Recycling of wastes: Waste types, sources, waste generated per capita, composition of wastes. Recycling of waste for industrial, agriculture and domestic purposes. Recycling of metal products. Reuse, recovery and reduction of paper, plastics, etc. Recycling in food manufacturing, beverages, apparel, leather, paper, pulp, chemical and other Industries. Fly ash utilization. Pollution Prevention and Quality management : Definition, benefits and overview of waste reduction techniques. Barriers and regulations . Pollution prevention in different kinds of industries - at source, during processing and packaging. Pollution prevention incentives
Pre-requisite: Chem 221 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 462, Environmental Chemistry (Environmental Economics -1h/W and the Environmental Issues - 1h/W)
Environmental Economics Introduction to economic analysis of natural resources and the environment with emphasis on environmental quality. Topics include environment-economy interactions and social choice theory; source control costs, damage valuation, and efficient pollution control; and design of efficient and equitable environmental policy. Environmental Issues An issue-oriented approach to understanding the scientific principles behind environmental issues. Case studies of environmental issues appearing in the mass media provide the context for assessing the status of scientific knowledge and its role in human decision making
Pre-requisite: Chem Math 111 ,Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 463, Chemical Pollution and Industrial Safety 2h/W
This course covers several topics: sources of chemical pollution in water and air, causes of this pollution, pesticides, industrial detergents, polymers causing pollution, methods of pollution-monitoring, methods of treatment of radiating and chemical waste, safety in labs, and chemical projects on poisonous materials.
Pre-requisite: Chem 211 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 464, Environmental Chemistry (Petroleum and petrochemical and petroleum pollution) 2h/W
A general idea- importance, occurrence, and transportation- origin of petroleum- inorganic theory ( carbide theory } organic theory- factors affecting transformation to petroleum- composition of petroleum hydrocarbon constituents ( paraffins, aromatics, naphthenes ) non-hydrocarbon constituents ( sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen, and metallic compounds together with resinous and asphaltic materials ) specifications of petroleum and its products- classification of crude petroleum( according the chemical composition and the sulphur percentage ) some physical aspects concerning petroleum fuels ( diesel index, octane number water pollution- general considerations- detergents- synthetic organic pesticides" oil- toxic metals- waste water treatment. This course aims also to teach students about the processes of oil refining. It also focuses on chemical transformation, production of petrochemical products and their transformations.
Oil and effectiveness of dispersants, dispersing oil inshore waters, recovery of oil from inshore waters, booms , temporary storage of recovered oil and emulsifiers. Physical removal of oil from beaches, treatment of oil on beaches by dispersant chemicals, cleaning rocks and cleaning promenades and sea walls. Surface film chemicals. Permanent disposal of oil and oily wastes.
Pre-requisite: Chem 231 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 465, Environmental Chemistry (Chemistry and Physics of Aerosols and Risk Assessment ) 2h/W
Fundamentals of chemical and physical processes controlling behavior and properties of airborne particles. Topics include particle mechanics; electrical, optical, and thermodynamic properties; nucleation; surface and aqueous-phase chemistry; gas particle partitioning; sampling; size and chemical analysis; atmospheric aerosols; and environmental effects. .
Risk Assessment An introduction to the basic principles and methods by which health risks associated with exposure to chemical and physical agents are determined. Topics include hazard identification, dose response and exposure assessments, as well as risk characterization and management.
Pre-requisite: Chem 211 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 466, Environmental Chemistry (Environmental Biochemistry and Toxicology) 2h/W
The thrust of the course is toward environmental biochemistry where the environment is broadly defined to include the home, the workplace and lifestyle, as well as the great out-of-doors. A major focus will be on those general properties and principles which determine how poisonous (toxic) various chemicals are. Major natural and synthetic chemicals in the environment of developed and developing countries will be reviewed. The structure-activity and dose-response relationships of environmental toxicants; their absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion; and evaluation of their toxicity and factors that influence toxicity. Quantitative methods in measuring acute and chronic toxicity
Pre-requisite: Bio.Chem 279 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 467, Environmental Chemistry (Fate and Transport of Chemicals in the Environment) 2h/W
An integrated study of the chemical, biological, and physical processes that determine the distribution of chemical variables in the sea. The distribution of stable and radioisotopes are used to follow complex chemical cycles, with particular emphasis on the cycles of nutrient elements. The chemistry of carbon is considered in detail.
Examination of the physical properties that govern the behavior, fate and transport of contaminants released into the environment. Topics include air-water partitioning and exchange, organic solvent-water partitioning, diffusion, sorption, chemical and biological transformation reactions, and modeling concepts.
Pre-requisite: Chem 221 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Env.Chem. 468, Environmental Chemistry (energy sources and environmental) 2h/W
Fundamentals of energy: Definition, units and concepts, classification of energy resources. Energy use pattern in different parts of the world.
Conventional energy sources: Types; Fossil fuels - classification, physico-chemical characteristics and energy content of petroleum and natural gas; principles of generation of hydroelectric power. Energy content in various conventional energy sources.
Non-Conventional energy sources: Types; Principals of generation of tidal, ocean thermal energy conversion, wind, geothermal energy, hot rock pumped hydroelectric power, sea thermal gradient, nuclear - fission and fusion; magneto hydrodynamic power, bioenergy - energy from biomass, anaerobic digestion. Power generation from waste. Non-polluting energy from biomass - photosynthesis technology to increase the hydrocarbon chain; improved enzyme technology; Short rotation to woody plants.
Environmental implications of energy use: CO2 emission, global warming, air and thermal pollution, impacts of large scale exploitations of solar, wind, hydro and ocean energy. Mariculture and energy conservation.
Biogas plants: A brief account of techniques, designs and applications.
Pre-requisite: Chem 241
 
 
Env.Chem. 469, Environmental Chemistry (Environmental engineering) 2h/W
Water Treatment : Water demand, storm water and types of drainage. Methods of Water Purification - Flocculation, Sedimentation, Sedimentation with Coagulation; Jar test; Mixing basins; Clarifiers; Filteration - Sand Filters; Pressure Filters, horizontal filters; Disinfection of water - Chlorination, ozonation; Break Point Chlorination, by-products of disinfection; Miscellaneous methods. Desalination. Membrane techniques. Reclamation and reuse of industrial and domestic waste water. Rain water harvesting.
Sewage treatment and disposal : Disposal on land; Sewage sickness; Disposal by dilution, self purification of streams, BOD and its importance. Treatment methods: primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Disinfection of treated sewage effluent. Septic tank design and effluent disposal methods. Design of biological treatment units. Sludge Characteristics, unit operations in sludge disposal, conventional and high rate digestors, disposal of sludge, gas utilization.
Environmental Sanitation: Ventilation and Air conditioning; Systems of ventilation; the phoenix system, malaria control measures - Drainage, spraying, chemical and biological methods of mosquito eradication; night soil disposal and management.
Industrial Waste water Treatment: Tannery, Distillery, Sugar mill, Electroplating, dye, Paper and pulp industry. Concept of common waste treatment plant.
Pre-requisite: Chem 211
 
 
BioChem 471. Molecular biology 2h/W
Plasmids and their usefulness in molecular cloning – Bacteriophage – Gell electrophoresis – Genomic DNA – Extraction, purification and analysis of mRNA from eukaryotic cells – Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and amplification of DNA. Radiolabeled DNA & RNA – Synthesis of oligonucleotide probes – cDNA libraries and gene identification – DNA sequencing – Introducing cloned genes into cultures mammalian cells – Analysis of gene expression in cultures mammalian cells – protein interaction technology.
Pre-requisite: BioChem 273 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem 472 Immunology 2h/W
An overview of the immune system – Factors affecting the host – parasite relationship – Antigens and antibodies – Infectivity – invasiveness – Virulence – Nonspecific immune response – Immunogenicity and haptens – Immunoglobulins and their structure as well as properties – Complement system and its role – Antigen-antibody reactions – Cells involved in the immune response – Cellular interaction in the immune response – Role of T-cells in the immune response and immune regulation – Immunosuppression and immunopotentiation – AIDS and other immunodeficiencies – Immunology in transplantation.
Pre-requisite: BioChem 273
 
 
BioChem 473 Food Chemistry and Their Analysis 2h/W
FOOD CHEMISTRY: Chemistry relating to the microbiological – sensory - nutritional and physiological aspects of food- Structural changes in molecules during the processing and storage of foods; Agrochemicals - Food engineering and technology - Plant Proteins - Food Colorants - Immobilized Enzymes - Animal Proteins.
FOOD ANALYSIS: Food Analysis and Testing Laboratory - Examination of food and drink for pathogens - indicator and spoilage micro organisms - Testing of food and drink for nutritional information - Food and drink testing for all major vitamins - Testing for pesticide residues in food and drinks - Testing for food additives, sweeteners, Major Mineral and Trace Element Analysis - Raw milk quality testing for the dairy industry - Testing for allergenic species.
Pre-requisite: BioChem 273 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem 474 Advanced methods in biochemistry 2h/W
Introduction - Handling biological material –Deproteinization of serum - Biochemical analyzers - Request forms and laboratory reports - The principles of some techniques used in clinical biochemistry (spectrophotometry, fluorometry , ion-exchange and gel permeation chromatographies, Electrophoresis, PCR, ELIZA) - Immunochemical techniques in clinical biochemistry - Electron Microscopy - Laboratory assessment of thyroid and adrenal functions - Tumour markers - Chromatography - Protein purification - Biotechnology with emphasis on methodology: biocatalysts, bioreactor designs and operation.
Pre-requisite: BioChem 273 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem 475 Chemistry of free radicals and antioxidants 2h/W
Chemistry of Free Radicals - Free Radical Theory - Free Radicals in Biochemistry - Antioxidant system - Mode of Action of Antioxidants - Classification of Major
Antioxidants
Pre-requisite: BioChem 273,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem 476 Fermentation 2h/W
Chemistry and Biochemistry of Fermentations : Introductory lectures on fermentation industries in the world, in general and in Egypt as a developing country, in particular – Production of organic alcohols and solvents (ethanol, glycerol, acetone, butanol, 2,3-butandiol) – Production of organic acids (glacial acetic acid, gluconic acid, lactic acid and citric acid) – Production of baker’s yeast and protein, single cell protein - Production of enzymes (α-amylase, lipases, proteases) – Production of antibiotics (historical introduction on penicillin), streptomycin and tetracycline.
Pre-requisite: BioChem 372 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem 477. Metabolic Regulation and Its Disorders 2h/W
Introduction - The Scope of Metabolic Regulation - Types of Metabolic Regulation - The Role of Tissues in Metabolic Regulation - Regulation of Different Metabolic Pathways - Metabolic Disorders and Diseases - Metabolic Disorders in Infants - Metabolic Control and Congenital Diseases.
Pre-requisite: BioChem 278 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem 478 Cancer biology 2h/W
Causes of Cancer (Chemical, Radiation, Microbial) – Types of Cancer – DNA Damage/Repair Mechanisms - Tumour Markers – Carcinogenesis and their mechanisms – Tumor Growth and angiogenesis - Mutation – Free Radicals and Cancer – The Cell Cycle Metastasis - Oncogenes – Tumour suppressor genes – Cancer cell cycle and apoptosis – Cancer prevention – Cancer treatment with different modalities – Gene therapy.
Pre-requisite: BioChem 275 and BioChem 274 for Fors.Chem.
 
 
BioChem 479 Clinical biochemistry 2h/W
Basic principles of clinical Biochemistry: Collection of specimens – sources of variations in test results – Normal and reference ranges – assessment of diagnostic tests [sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, precisions, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) …..etc] - Disorders of moiety metals and non-metals as well as trace metals and trace non-metals - Abnormalities of plasma proteins - Use of plasma enzymes in diagnosis – Renal and liver diseases – Gastrointestinal tract diseases – Disorders of carbohydrate , fats, purine andporphyrin metabolism – Abnormalities of thyroid, adrenal cortex, adrenal medulla, hypothalamus and pituitary functions – Molecular biology in clinical Biochemistry.
Pre-requisite: BioChem 377 or 278 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
BioChem. 270 Biochemistry Chemistry (Chemistry of Carbohydrates and Lipids ) 2h/W
Introduction, Nomenclature, Classes: Monosaccharides – Disaccharides – Oligosaccherides- Polysaccharides- Physical properties of Carbohydrates - Lipids of physiologic significance - Chemistry of different molecules of lipids– Fatty acids- Lipoproteins.
Pre-requisite: Chem 236
 
 

Fors.Chem.481, Forensic Chemistry (Analytical methods of forensic chemistry - 1) 2h/W
Examination of glass, hairs, fibers, paints, arson accelerants, plastics, polymers, inks, papers, tapes, soil, explosives residues, glass comparisons, drug analysis, bullet, cartridge Firearm, and many other exhibits. Laboratory exercises include refractive index measurements using immersion methods; polarized light observations of minerals; x-ray diffraction analysis of minerals; and classical chemical and physical methods of analysis.
Pre-requisite: Chem 211 ,Practical: 3h/W 

 
Fors.Chem.482, Forensic Chemistry (analysis of the forensic evidence) 2h/W
This course is designed to study trace evidence and how it is analyzed, compared, interpreted and used in criminal investigations by forensic scientists. Specific examples of approaches, procedures and principles will be provided in the areas of forensic textile fiber analysis and forensic human hair comparisons. The course introduces the student to the principles that govern the transference, recovery, analysis, comparison, interpretation, assessment and support of evidentiary value, reporting and court testimony with respect to trace evidence. Other types of trace evidence such as glass, paint and soil will also be discussed. Physical Aspects of Forensic Science. fingerprints, firearm and tool mark examinations, document examinations, and examinations of trace evidence, such as glass, soil, paint, hairs, and fibers; crime scene investigations; qualifications and preparation of expert witnesses.
Pre-requisite: Fors.Chem 281 ,Practical: 3h/W
 
Fors.Chem.483 (Physics for forensic evidence -2) 2h/W
Revision for all the basic concepts and "Locard's Exchange Principle". Light, color, Eye and Vision. Physical Examinations using Scanning & Transmission Electron Microscope. Tracing Materials & Radioactive Isotopes in Criminology. Nondestructive Testing (NDT) of Evidences collected from crime scene. X-Ray examination of closed Boxes and related objects. Electrostatic and Magnetic Detection. Video Spectral Comparator. Firearms Characteristics and matching the bullets to the gun that fired them. Toolmark Identification using the comparison microscope. Physical examination methods of suspected documents including. Forgery and Counterfeiting. Night vision techniques & Forensic Photography applied to Investigative work. Revision of "Crime Scene Processing" and fingerprints Identification & Characterization". Study Cases. Questions, exercises and problems.     
Pre-requisite: Fors.Chem283 ,Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Fors.Chem.484, Forensic Chemistry (Analytical methods of forensic chemistry - 2 ) 2h/W
Identification and analysis of poisons such as pesticides and heavy metals in biological fluids, and of alcohol and drugs of abuse in mixtures of toxic organic compounds in gaseous, aqueous, and soil media. Methods of sample collection and extraction are presented. Students utilize both gas and liquid chromatographic techniques. Toxicant analysis by gas chromatography (GC), GC/mass spectrometry, and GC/Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy is emphasized.
Pre-requisite: Chem 221,Practical: 3h/W
 
 
Fors.Chem.485, Introduction to Criminal Law – 2h/W
This course is designed to study the principles of criminal law and procedures, preparation and presentation of evidence, examination of witnesses, and methods of legal research.
 
 
Chemistry reseach project (see programs tables)
Research methods and Ethics. Use of the chemical literature. Experiment design. and chemical investigation techniques using principles and concepts discussed in previous courses. Students are expected to significantly contribute to the design of original experiments, and independently analyze, interpret and present the results, both orally and in writing Preparation of scientific reports.
 

 

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