Physics Courses Content

 

First Level
Phys 101 General Physics (1) (Thermal physics and Properties of Matter ), 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in Thermal physics and Properties of Matter. The thermal physics course includes: The zeroth law of Thermodynamics. Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids. Heat and Thermal Energy. Heat Capacity and Specific heat-Latent heat. Thermodynamic process. Liquifiaction of gases.
The Properties of matter course includes : Units and Dimensions. Oscillatory Motion. Rotational Dynamics. Earth Satellites. Fluids. Surface Tension. Elasticity.
Practical: 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 102 General Physics,(Electricity and Magnetism – Optics), (2) 2h/W
Electricity and Magnetism course includes: Electric current and ohm’s law, Network theorem, Work, power and energy, Capacitance and inductance, Magnetism and electromagnetism, Electromagnetic induction.
Optics course includes: Nature of light, propagation of light, deviation of light by prisms and dispersion, image formation, perception of light and color vision, Lasers.
Practical: 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 103 Electric Circuits, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of electric circuits. The course includes: Definitions and Circuit Parameters, Sinusoidal Current and Voltage, Complex numbers, Complex Impedance and Phasor Notation, Series and Parallel Circuits, Power and Power Factor Correction, Series and Parallel Resonance, Mech Current Network Analysis, Node Voltage Network Analysis, Mutual inductance, Fourier Method of waveform analysis.
Practical: 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 104 Electromagnetic Theory, 2h/W
This course aims at studying the Electromagnetic theory from the Electrostatic, magnetostatic and Electromagnetic relations. The course includes: Vector Analysis, Coulomb's Law and Electric Field, The Electrostatic Potential, Electrostatic Dipole, Dielectric Polarization, Poisson and Laplace Equations, Biot-Savart Law and Magnetic Field Potential, Magnetic Vector Potential and Induction, Magnetic Dipole, Poisson and Laplace Equations for Magnetic Potentials, Electromagnetic induction and Fraday’s law, Maxwell’s equations, Electromagnetic wave equations, electromagnetic plane wave propagation.
Practical: 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Second Level
Phys 201 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate physical principles and to develop experimental skills; and how to emphasize a proper report writing. The course includes: Experiments dealing with the basic laws of mechanics, vibrational and circular motion, fluids, elasticity, heat, thermal properties of materials, Error analysis and the concept of computer-controlled experiments.
Practical: 4h/W
 
Phys 202 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate physical principles and to develop experimental skills; and how to emphasize a proper report writing. The course includes: Experiments dealing with the basic laws of Physical optics (As: Young Double Slit, Mickelson's Interferometer, Abbe's Refractometer, Polarization of Light, Diffraction Grating, Newton's Rings), Alternating Current and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation.
Practical: 4h/W
 
Phys 210 Thermodynamics, 2h/W
This course aims at introducing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Thermodynamics The course includes: thermodynamic systems, equations of state, work, the first law of thermodynamics,some consequences of the first law , changes of phase, the second law of thermodynamics, entropy, combined first and second laws, some engineering applications of thermodynamics.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 211 Vibration and Waves , 2h/W
This course aims at introducing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Vibration and Waves. The course includes: Periodic motions, The Superposition of periodic motions, The free vibrations of Physical system, Forced vibrations and Resonance, Normal mode of Continuous System, Doppler effect.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 212 Astronomy and Physics of Atmosphere, 2h/W
This course is aiming at introducing. The concept of Astronomy in order to be award with the knowledge of the following: Central Forces and Planetary Motion, Planetary orbits and Kepler’s Laws, The planets in the Solar system, The Earth and Its Atmosphere, The Earth's Atmosphere, Planetary atmosphere, Equilibrium temperatures, Hydrostatic equation, Adiabatic lapse rate.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 214 Classical Mechanics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the structure and fundamental principles of Classical Mechanics. The course includes: Coordinate Systems, Mechanics of a Single Particle and of Systems of Particles, Motion in a Central Force Field, Oscillations, Collisions of Particles, Moving Coordinate Systems, Motion of a Rigid Body,
Tutorial: 1h/W
 

Phys 215 Physics of Elasticity, 2h/W
The course aims at introducing the concept of elasticity. It consists of: The Concept of the Force, plane stress, plane strain and Different Physical Properties of Material. The Mechanism of Fracture of Different Material, and Fundamental of Fracture mechanics. Torsion and Twisting of metallic beam.
Tutorial: 1h/W

 
Phys 220 Modern Physics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of modern physics. The course includes: The special theory of relativity: Galilean transformations and their limitations, Einstein's postulates and Lorentz transformations, Length, time and simultaneously in relativity, Mass and momentum in relativity, Relativistic Mechanics, Mass and Binding Energy, Experimental verification of the relativity theory, The concepts of waves and particles: Black-body radiation, The photo-electric effect, The continuous X-ray spectrum, The photon, The Compton effect, The de-Broglie hypothesis, The diffraction of waves and particles, Introductory quantum mechanics, Bohr's principle of complementarity, Wave-packet description of material particles, Statistical interpretation of the wave function, Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Schrödinger wave equation, Particle in a one-dimensional potential well.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 221 Physical Optics, 2h/W
An understanding of the basic physical optics and describes the behavior and properties of light and interaction of light with matter. The course includes: the wave theory of light,Interference of two beams of light, Interference with multiple-beams, Diffraction of light, Polarization of light, Dispersion and absorption of light.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 222 Atomic Physics, 2h/W
This course aims to introduce and explain the principles, models, and methods required to understand the behavior of atoms. The course includes: Black body radiation, Rayleigh-Jeans law, Planck’s law. Photoelectric effect. Compton effect.X-rays { production of X-rays, continuous X-rays, characteristic x-rays, Moseley’s law – Diffraction and absorption of x-rays}, Bohr model of H atom, energy level diagram, spectral series of H atom, H like ions. Wilson-Sommerfeld elliptical orbits {fine structure, degenerate orbits, mass relativistic effect, energy level diagram, selection rule}, Vector atom model. Normal Zeeman effect.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 223 Analytical Mechanics, 2h/W
This course aims at introduces a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Analytical Mechanics. The course includes :Lagrangian Mechanics, Hamilton equations of motion, canonical transformations, Hamilton- Jacobi theory, canonical perturbation theory, introduction to the lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations for continuous and fields, Poision brackets.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
Phys 224 Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation, 2h/W
This course aims at introduces a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation. The course includes: Characteristics of Instruments and Measurement Systems, Units, Systems, Dimensions and Standards, Circuit Components ( Resistors , Inductors and Capacitors ) and their Residues, Measurement of Energy and Industrial Metering, Measurement of Phase and Frequency, High Voltage Measurements and Testing, Magnetic Measurements, Instruments for Generation and Analysis of Waveform, Transducers, Data Transmission and Telemetry, Measurement of Non-Electrical Quantities, Data-Acquisition Systems.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Pys 225 Sonic And Ultrasonic, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Ultrasonic. The course includes: Velocity of sound in fluids, Acoustic intensity and impedance, Decibel scales. Doppler Principles, Ultrasonic generators and receivers, Detection of Ultrasonic Waves, Ultrasonic Imaging.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 226 General Meteorology,2h/W
The aim of this course is to introduce the basic concepts and general properties of the science of Meteorology, The gaseous composition, the variation of the pressure, density and temperature. It aims to introduce the concept of radiational and thermal regime of the atmosphere. The course includes: The Air Envelope of the Earth; Introductory, Meteorological elements and atmospheric phenomena, Equations of state of dry and moist air, The Static Atmosphere, Composition and structure of the Atmosphere. Radiational and Thermal Regime of the Atmosphere; Solar Radiation, Attenuation of solar radiation, Emission of the Earth and the Atmosphere, Radiation Balance of the surface and atmosphere , Thermodynamics of the atmosphere, Thermal Regime of the free atmosphere, Theory of the temperature distribution in the atmosphere. Equation of motion of the atmosphere.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 227 Fluid Mechanics, 2h/W
The course aims at introducing the concept of fluid mechanics. It consists of: The Concept of the Stream line and turbulent flow, Bernoulli's equation, Poiseulle's law, Power dissipation. Reynolds's number, Cardiovascular system, Viscous drag forces Stock's law and centrifugation.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 228 Alternating Current and Electric Circuits , 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of alternating current and electric circuits. The course includes: Definitions and Circuit Parameters, Analysis of circuits with non sinusoidal A.C. waveform using Graphical solution, Average and effective values, Sinusoidal Current and Voltage, Complex numbers, Complex Impedance and Phasor Notation, Series and Parallel Circuits, Power and Power Factor Correction, Series and Parallel Resonance, Mech Current Network Analysis, Node Voltage Network Analysis, Mutual inductance, Fourier Method of waveform analysis.
Practical : 2h/W
 
Phys 229 Waves , 2h/W
This course aims at introducing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Waves. The course includes: Periodic motions. The superposition of periodic motions. The free vibrations of Physical system, Forced vibrations and Resonance, Normal mode of Continuous System, Doppler effect.
Practical : 2h/W
 
Phys 230 Radioactivity , 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Radioactivity. The course includes: Structure of the nucleus; Basic properties of the nucleus, Binding energy of the nucleus, Nuclear stability, Liquid-Drop model, Semi-empirical mass formula. Decay of the nucleus: The law of radioactive decay, Natural radioactivity and radioactive dating, Alpha decay, Beta decay, Gamma. Interaction of Nuclear Radiation; Detectors and accelerators, Interaction of Nuclear radiation with matter, Pair production and pair annihilation, Detectors of Nuclear radiation, Particle accelerators. Radiation protection and Laboratory regulations.
Practical : 2h/W
 
Bio-Phys 210 The Electricity in Bio-systems ,2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics of electricity in bio-systems. The course includes: Membrane potentials, Nerve Impulses, Electromagnetic Blood Flow-meters, Effects of electric current in the human Body, Electrical conductivity of the cellular membrane at rest, Tissues conductivity, Medical electronics.
Pre-requisite: Phys 103, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 211 General Biophysics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of biophysics. It includes: Experimental studies on living cells, Electromagnetic waves, Spectrum and range and their applications, Photo biological process, Acoustical phenomena of biophysical interest.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 220 Thermodynamics of Bio-systems, 2h/W
This course aims at introducing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of thermodynamics in bio-systems. The course includes: Energy, Bio-energy, The Second law of thermodynamics, Heats of Transformation, Reaction rate theory, Cryogenics, Entropy, Diffusion and osmosis, Metabolic rates of Humans and animals.
Pre-requisite: Phys 101, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 221 Environmental Biophysics, 2h/W
This course aims at understanding the basic concepts of Environmental Biophysics. The course includes: Air pollution system, Air pollutants atmospheric concentration, Units-effect of air pollution on atmospheric properties, Natural Radioactive materials- Ionized and non-Ionized radiation sources.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Md-Phys 210 Introduction to Medical physics, 2h/W
This course aims at introducing the applications of physics in medicine. It includes: mechanics of the human body, fluid mechanics in the body, physics of the senses, electricity and magnetism in the body, applications of ionizing and non- ionizing radiation in medical diagnosis and therapy. The Practical sessions include: ECG signals, ultrasonic waves, radiation measurement, and nuclear magnetic resonance.
Practical: 2h/W
 

Third Level

Phys 301 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate physical principles and to develop experimental skills; The course includes: Selected experiments on topics of Solid state, advanced optical and Electronics , Digital circuits (As: bipolar junction, bipolar junction transistors. oscillators. logical circuits).
Practical: 6h/W for physics and 4h/W for Chem-Phys and Phys-Comp.Sci.
 
Phys 302 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate physical principles and to develop experimental skills;
The course includes: Selected experiments on topics of Electronics and Digital circuits ( As: Electronics: the operational amplifier, uniboplar transistor, photodiode , phototransistor and solar cell, work function and contact potential, light emitting diode. Digital : operation of various types of bistables or flip-flops. Also, to design counters). Practical: 6h/W for physics and 4h/W for Chem-Phys and Phys-Comp.Sci.
 
Phys 310 Statistical Thermodynamics, 2h/W
The course is devoted to study the Statistical thermodynamics. A basic theory is given. Different examples and problems are presented. The course includes: kinetic .theory of an ideal gas, the distribution of molecular velocities, Transport phenomena, The maxwell-boltzmann statistics, applications of the boltzmann statistics, quantum statistics , fluctuations.
Pre-requisite: Phys 210 or Bio-Phys 220, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 311 Solid State (1), 2h/W
This course aims at introducing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of physics of Solid Materials. The course includes: Crystal Structure, Crystal Diffraction and Reciprocal Lattice, Diffraction Techniques, Crystal binding, Ionic crystals, Imperfections in crystals, Diffusion.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 312 Physics of Reactors and Neutrons, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Physics of reactors and neutrons. The course includes: Neutron and its Interaction with Matter, differential Scattering Cross-section, Nuclear Fission, The Fission Chain Reaction and Nuclear Reactors, Slowing Down of Neutrons, Neutron Moderation by Inelastic Scattering, Thermal Neutron Scattering, The scattering law.
Tutorial: 1h/W
, 2h/W
 
Phys 313 Experimental Physics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the experimental techniques of physics. The course includes: Errors of observation, Scientific Foundations of vacuum technique, Electron microscope, Applied emission spectroscopy, photography of the spectrum.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 314 Quantum Mechanics (1), 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Quantum Mechanics. The course includes: Wave Mechanics: Schrödinger wave equation in momentum space. One-Dimensional problems: Infinite and finite potential well, Tunneling effect, Radioactive decay and penetration of potential barrier, The periodic potential, Simple harmonic oscillator, The Morse potential. Three-Dimensional Problems: Solution of Schrödinger equation in cylindrical coordinates, Solution of Schrödinger equation in spherical coordinates, Space rotator, Solution of harmonic oscillator in spherical coordinates, The Hydrogen atom. Time-Independent Perturbation Theory.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 315 Mathematical Physics (1), 2h/W
This course aims at introduce students to some of the basic mathematical physics of Special function and techniques relevant to undergraduate physics, further develop students skill in solving problems. The course includes: Gamima and Beta functions, The hypergeometric Equation, the confluent hypergeometric function, The Legendre functions, Bessel functions, Laguerre Polynomials, Hermite polynomials, other special function.
Pre-requisite: Math 205, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 316 Advanced Optics,2h/W
This course aims to developing the basic concepts of physical optics and their applications. It course includes: The origin of the refractive index, Dispersion, The electromagnetic character of light, Absorption, Scattering of light, interference, polarization of light, optical activity and birefringence.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 317 Physics of Metals, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of physics of Metals. The course includes:Free-Electron Theory of Metals. The crystal structure of Metals and Energy Bands in Metals. Crystallization. Mechanical properties, Strain Hardening and Recrystallization, The Structure of Alloys, Constitutional Diagrams, Heat Treatment and Metal Technology.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 320 Computer Programming, 2h/W
This course introducing the concept of programming with Fortran Language and to give practice in the use of the language to solve scientific problems. The course includes: Elements of statements, Mathematical Functions, Arithmetic Assignment Statements, How to write the program Statements? Input and Output Statements, Application for FORTRAN 77, Transfer of control, (Arithmetic and logical IF Statement, Goto ,…), The subscripted variables and dimension, Examples of the Subscript Notation, The dimension Statement and other information, The DO statement, Explicit uses of DO Loop and Dimension, Read Statement of one data item per line, Read Statement for more than one data item per line, Implied DO List.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 321 Electronics Circuits, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of electronics circuits. The course includes: Quadra poles (two port networks) and equivalent circuits, Semiconductor materials and Pn junctions, Bipolar junction Transistor, Bipolar Transistor Biasing, Bipolar transistor as a small signal amplifier, Operational Amplifiers.
Pre-requisite: Phys 103, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 322 Non-Crystalline Material, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Non-Crystalline material. The course includes: Nature and structure of glass, Electrical properties, Thermal properties, Viscosity Density and molar volume, Special types of glassy materials.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 323 Nuclear Physics (2), 2h/W
This course aims to introduce and explain the principles, models, and methods required to understand the behavior of nuclei. The course includes: Nuclear Models: Single-Particle potential; Analysis of shell Model predictions. Single-particle Model, Magnetic moment; Nuclear Rotational Motion nuclear moments; Optical Model, Nuclear Forces, properties of the nuclear force, The exchange force Model, Nuclear Reactions, Nuclear Fusion.
Pre-requisite: Phys 213, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 324 Electrodynamics (1), 2h/W
This course an understanding of the development from elementary ideas of electromagnetism up to Maxwell’s equations and the existence of electromagnetic waves. The course includes: Conservation Laws, Charge and Energy, Momentum, Electromagnetic Waves, Waves in One Dimension, Electromagnetic Waves in Vacuum, Electromagnetic Waves in Matter, Absorption and Dispersion, Guided Wave, Potentials and Fields, The Potential Formulation, Continuous Distributions, Point Charges, Radiation, Dipole Radiation .
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 325 Mathematical Physics (2), 2h/W
This course aims at introduce students to some of the basic mathematical physics of Partial Differential Equations and techniques relevant to undergraduate physics, further develop students skill in solving problems. The course includes: Concepts and Definitions, Mathematical Models. Classification of Second-order Equations, Second-order Equations in Two Independent Variables. The Cauchy Problem, Homogeneous Wave Equation.Initial-boundary Value Problems. Nonhomogeneous Boundary Conditions. Finite String with Fixed Ends, Nonhomogeneous Wave Equation. Fourier's Series, Method of Separation of Variables, The Heat Conduction Problem. Existence and Uniqueness of Solution of the Heat Conduction Problem, The Laplace and Beam Equations, Nonhomogeneous Problems, Laplace and Fourier Transforms.
Pre-requisite: Math 204, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 326 Fine Magnetism, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Fine magnetism. The course includes: Introduction and review of basic formulas, Class of magnetic materials, Ferromagnetism, Ferrimagnetism, Antiferromagnetism. Magnetic properties of electrons. Magnetic moments of free atoms and ions, Structure of unfilled shells, Hund's rules, Electronic configurations. Langevin diamagnetism equation, Quantum theory of paramagnetism, Rare earth ions, Iron group ions, Crystal field splitting, Quenching of the orbital angular momentum. Feromasnetism, antiferromagnetism and spin wave, Magnetic domains. Magnetic resonance and its applications.Magnetic resonance, The resonance phenomenon, Magnetization, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Calculating transition energy.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 327 Polymer Physics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Polymer physics. The course includes An introduction to polymers, Polymer structure, Physical states of polymers, Thermal properties of polymers, Mechanical properties of polymers, Electrical properties of polymers, Viscoelasticity of polymers, Relaxation properties of polymers, Glass-transition in polymers, Rheology of polymers.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 328 Theoretical Reactors, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding to explain the main principles of theoretical reactors. The course includes: Neutron Diffusion in a Non-multiplying Medium, One-speed diffusion equation, Neutron Diffusion in a Non-multiplying Medium, Neutron Spectrum in the Energy Region above 1 eV, Energy Spectrum of Thermal Neutrons, Effect of Inelastic Scattering on Neutron Spectrum, Thermal Spectrum in an Infinite Medium, The Maxwellian spectrum, Solution of Wigner-Wilkins equation, Solution of the heavy gas equation; Integral form of the heavy gas equation, Critical Systems, diffusion theory ; Fermi-age theory. A Critical Reactor with a Reflector.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 329 Molecular Spectroscopy, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Molecular Spectroscopy, The course includes: Basic Elements of Spectroscopy. Microwave Spectroscopy. Infra-Red Spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Electronic Spectroscopy of Molecules, Spin Resonance Spectroscopy.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 330 Mathematical Physics for non-physicist (1), 2h/W
This course aims at introduce students to some of the basic mathematical physics of partial differential Equation & Special function and further develop students skill in solving problems.The course includes: Concepts and Definitions, Mathematical Models, Fourier's Series, Method of Separation of Variables. Gamma and Beta Functions, The Hypergeometric Functions, The Legendre Functions. Bessel Functions, Laguerre Polynomials, Hermite Polynomials.
Pre-requisite: Math 204, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 332 Physics of Elasticity and Fluid Mechanics, 2h/W
The course aims at introducing the concept of elasticity and fluid mechanics. It consists of: The Concept of the Force, Stress, Strain and Different Physical Properties of Material, The Mechanism of Fracture of Different Material, Stream line and turbulent flow, Bernoulli's equation, Poiseulle's law, Power dissipation. Reynolds's number, Cardiovascular system, Viscous drag forces Stock's law and centrifugation.
Pre-requisite: Phys 101, Practical: 2h/W, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 333 Atomic Physics and Spectra, 2h/W
This course aims to introduce and explain the principles, models, and methods required to understand the behavior of atoms. The course includes: Black body radiation, Rayleigh-Jeans law, Planck’s law. Photoelectric effect. Compton effect.X-rays { production of X-rays, continuous X-rays, characteristic x-rays, Moseley’s law – Diffraction and absorption of x-rays}, Bohr model of H atom, energy level diagram, spectral series of H atom, H like ions. Wilson-Sommerfeld elliptical orbits {fine structure, degenerate orbits, mass relativistic effect, energy level diagram, selection rule }, Vector atom model. Normal Zeeman effect. , Basic Elements of Spectroscopy. Microwave Spectroscopy. Infra-Red Spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Electronic Spectroscopy of Molecules, Spin Resonance Spectroscopy.
Practical: 2h/W
 
Phys 334 Solid State Physics, 2h/W
This course aims at introducing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Solid State Physics. The course includes: Crystal Structure, Crystal Diffraction and Reciprocal Lattice, Diffraction Techniques, Crystal binding, Ionic crystals, Imperfections in crystals, Diffusion.
Pre-requisite: Phys 101, 2 Practical: 2h/W and Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 335 Electronics Circuits and Digital electronics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of electronics circuits and digital electronics. The course includes:
I- Electronics: Quadra poles (two port networks) and equivalent circuits, Semiconductor materials and Pn junctions, Bipolar junction Transistor, Bipolar Transistor Biasing, Bipolar transistor as a small signal amplifier, Operational Amplifiers.
II- Digital Concepts: Number systems and codes.- Logic Gates. Design with AND-OR logic and ALL NAND. Design with OR-AND logic and ALL NOR. Logic Functions, Adders. Comparators. Encoders and Decoders, Multiplexers and De Multiplexers, Flip-Flop and Related Devices, Counters, Design of sequential circuits, counter applications.
Pre-requisite: Phys 103, Tutorial: 2h/W
 
Bio-Phys 301 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate Bio-physical principles and to develop experimental skills; and how to emphasize a proper report writing. The course includes selected experiments on topics of Molecular Biophysics.
Practical: 4h/W
 
Bio-Phys 302 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate Bio-physical principles and to develop experimental skills; and how to emphasize a proper report writing. The course includes Selected experiments on topics of Health Physics.
Practical: 4h/W
 
Bio-Phys 310 Biophysical Radiation
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Biophysical Radiation. The course includes: Mater, Energy and radiation, Interaction of radiation with mater, dosimetry of ionizing radiation radiobiology; “ Biological effects of radiation exposure on human cells”, Production of radionuclides used in nuclear medicine, Nuclear magnetic resonances (NMR).
Pre-requisite: Phys 220, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 311 Molecular Biophysics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Molecular Biophysics. The course includes: Physical methods of Determining the size and shape of molecules, Intermolecular Forces, Absorption spectroscopy and molecular structure.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 315 Biomechanics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Biomechanics. The course includes: Testing the mechanical properties of biological materials, The Newtonian fluid. Viscoe1asticity, Blood Rheology, Laminar flow, Red blood cells and their deformabi1ity RBC ' s dimensions and shape, The flow properties of suspended particles.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 321 Health Physics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Health Physics. The course includes: Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry standards, Exposure Dose measurement, Ionizing chamber , Bragg-Gray principle, Kerma, specific gamma ray emission, Dosimetry of internally deposited radioisotopes, Basic ionizing radiation safety criteria. Dose measuring instruments, Laser Safety.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 322 Bio-Energy, 2h/W
This course aims at introducing the principles and applications of Bio-energy. The course includes: Energy and Biological world, photosynthesis, Respiration, Phosphorylation, DNA and RNA, Metabolism and Catabolism.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Md-Phys 301 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate Medical physical principles and to develop experimental skills; The course includes :Electrocardiogram-Ultrasonic Waves-Adsorption of X-Rays-Absorption of Beta Particles in Air-Absorption of Gamma Rays-Geiger-Mueller Counter-Scintillation Counter-Radiation Doses-Electron spin resonance-Nuclear magnetic Resonanc.
Practical: 4h/W
 
Md-Phys 302 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate physical principles and to develop experimental skills; The course includes: Selected experiments on topics of Electronics and Digital circuits ( As: Electronics: the operational amplifier, uniboplar transistor, photodiode , phototransistor and solar cell, work function and contact potential, light emitting diode. Digital : operation of various types of bistables or flip-flops. Also, to design counters).
Practical: 4h/W
 
Md-Phys 320 Physics of Diagnostic radiology, 3h/W
This course aims at presenting the physical principles of X-ray production and factors affecting its quality and intensity, absorption of x ray in materials, making an x-ray image, processing and quality of radiographic films, producing live radiological images, radiation protection.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Md-Phys 321 Signal Analysis and Medical Applications, 3h/W
This course aims at introducing basic techniques for the analysis of signals from within the body. It includes: Types of signals, description of signals using time and frequency domains, Fourier series, Fourier transform, analysis techniques: gating, filtering, averaging, and signal-to-noise-ratio estimation, examples on evoked responses.
Pre-requisite: Phys 103, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Fourth Level
Phys 401 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate introduction for nuclear Experiments, Electronic Experiments, Polarization in Optics and Microwave, Solid State Experiments, Simulation for physics Experiments Using the Computer.
Practical: 8h/W
 
Phys 402 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate introduction for nuclear Experiments, Electronic Experiments, Diffraction in Optics and Microwave, Solid State Experiments, Simulation for physics Experiments Using the Computer.
Practical: 8h/W
 
Phys 410 Laser and its Applications, 2h/W
The course introduces the students to fundamentals, operation and applications of laser. The course includes: Quantum transition in an atomic system, Amplification of electromagnetic wave in an optical cavity, Population inversion (three-level and four-level energy system), Basis of laser operation, Characteristic of laser light, Some types of laser sources-Axial modes of laser, Modifying the laser output, Applications of laser (in industry, in optical information and storage, in medicine, in military ).
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 411 Semiconductors, 2h/W
This course aims to learn about the physics and applications of Semiconductors, The course includes: The crystal structure of Semiconductors and Energy bands in Semiconductors, Properties of Semiconductors, The P – N junction, Semiconductors Devices.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 412 Quantum Mechanics (2), 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics of Quantum Mechanics. The course includes: Approximation Methods, The Variational Method, Zemman Effect, Time-dependent perturbation theory, Electromagnetic radiation field, Frequency bands, Spin, Scattering in three dimensions, Resonances, Ram Sauer Effect, Born Approximation.
Pre-requisite: Phys 314, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 413 Electrodynamics (2), 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of more advanced Electrodynamics. The course includes: Classical and quantum-mechanical energy loss, Density effect in collision energy loss, Energy loss in electronic plasma, Elastic scattering of fast particles by atoms, Electrical conductivity of plasma, Radiation emitted during collisions, Relativistic bremsstrahlung, Screening, relativistic radiative energy loss, Method of Virtual Quanta, Radiative Beta Processes.
Pre-requisite: Phys 324, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 414 Mathematical Physics (3), 2h/W
This course aims at introduce students to some more advanced mathematical concepts that are used in undergraduate physics courses and to develop further their problems solving skill. The course includes Integral Equations, Their Origin and Classification. Modeling of Problems as Integral Equations. Volterra Integral Equations, The Green's Function. Fredholm Integral Equations. Existence of the Solutions: Basic fixed Point Theorems. Complex Variables, Analytic Function. Integrals. Series Representation of Analytic Function, Residues and Poles.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 415 Quantum Field Theory, 2h/W
In this course the student is exposed to the quantization of new objects (fields) rather than the quantization of point particles which is assumed to be digested by the student before the study of this course. In the regime of studying QFT the student will know how to quantize fields, how to calculate different amplitudes perturbatively (Feynman Diagrams). Also, the student will know another way of quantization rather than the canonical one, namely: the path integral quantization. Perturbative expansion for field theory, The scattering matrix, Decay rates ,The Dirac equation, Plane wave solutions of the Dirac equation, The Dirac Hamiltonian, Path integrals for fermions, Feynman rules for vector fields
Pre-requisite: Phys 324, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 416 Particle Physics, 2h/W
In this course the student extrapolates his knowledge about matter. Presumably, the student has to know about the structure of the atom and the nucleus. Particle Physics impresses the discussion of the substructures of the particles in the nuclei (nucleons). Such kind of discussion needs to know elementary particle dynamics, relativistic kinematics and bound states. The Feynman Calculus Quantum Electrodynamics, Electrodynamics of Quarks and Hadrons, Quantum Chromodynamics, Weak Interactions, Gauge theories
Pre-requisite: Phys 323, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 417 Digital electronics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of digital electronics. The course includes: Number systems and codes.- Logic Gates. Design with AND-OR logic and ALL NAND. Design with OR-AND logic and ALL NOR. Logic Functions, Adders. Comparators. Encoders and Decoders, Multiplexers and De Multiplexers, Flip-Flop and Related Devices, Counters, Design of sequential circuits, counter applications.
Pre-requisite: Phys 321 or Phys 103 for Md phys. and Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 418 Renewable Energy , 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Renewable Energy. The course includes: Solar Energy and Sun Construction, Thermal Radiation and Black Body Radiation, Sun - Earth Astronomical Relations: Earth's Orbit, The Eccentricity correction factor, The Solar Day, Seasons of year, Position Of Sun Relative To Horizontal Surface, Position Of Sun Relative To Inclined Surfaces. Terrestrial Solar Insolation: Structure of the Earth's Atmosphere, The Troposphere Region, The tratosphere Region, The Mesosphere Region, The Thermosphere Region, and the variation of molecular weight with altitude, Aerosols, Effect of Altitude on Pressure and Density.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 420 Solid State (2), 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of advanced principle of solid State physics. The course includes: Lattice vibrations, Free electron model, Energy bands in solids, Dielectric and optical properties of solids, polarizability.
Pre-requisite: Phys 311, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 421 Nuclear Physics (3), 2h/W
This course aims to introduce and explain more advanced models, and methods required to understand the behavior of nuclei. The course includes: Fermi theory of beta decay; angular momentum and Parity selection rules; comparative half-life and Forbidden decays; Neutrino Physics, Nuclear spin and moments; hyperfine structure, Meson physics, YuKawa’s Hypothesis; properties of Pi mesons,. Particle physics.
Pre-requisite: Phys 323, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 422 Plasma Physics , 2h/W
Objective of this course is to provide a basic text for the students to study plasma physics. The course includes:Nature of Plasma, Plasma Characteristics, Magnetic Configuration and Particle Orbit, Velocity Space Distribution Function and Boltzmann's Equation, Plasrna as Magnetohydrodynamic Fluid, Equilibrium, Diffusicm of Plasma, Confinement Time, Magnetohydrodynamic Instabilities, Resistive Instability.
Pre-requisite: Phys 324, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 423 Quantum Electronics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Quantum electronics. The course includes: Crystal structures, Translational Reciprocal lattice. X-ray scattering, Bragg law, The Maxwell- Boltzmann, Bose- Einstein, and Fermi- Dirac statistics, Band Theory of Solids: Properties of semiconductors, Lattice vibration and thermal properties of crystals, Transport properties, Collision processes in solids- relaxation time.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 424 Statistical Mechanics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Statistical Mechanics. The course includes: Density Operators, The Symmetry Character of Many-Particle Wavefunctions, Grand Canonical Description of Ideal Quantum Systems. The Ideal Bose Gas. Ideal Fermi Gas, Applications of Relativistic Bose and Fermi Gases. Real Gases, Classification of Phase Transitions, The Models of Ising and Heisenberg.
Pre-requisite: Phys 310, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 425 Mathematical Physics (4), 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Mathematical Physics of Numerical Analysis and Computational Physics, further develop students skill in solving problems. The Numerical Analysis course includes: Roots of an Equation. Numerical Solutions of Simultaneous Equations. interpolation and Approximation. Numerical Differentiation and Integration. And Computational Physics includes: Models and simulation. Finite-difference methods. The Monte Carlo method. The finite-element method.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 426 Nonlinear Physics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of : Nonlinear systems and Chaos: One-dimension flow (Discrete or continues) in time. Population growth. Two or more dimensions flow..The periodic and chaotic behaviors of nonlinear systems.
Fractals: Countable and uncountable sets. Cantor set, Sierpensiki’s triangle, Kock’s snowflake, Dimension of self-similar fractals, Dancing on fractals, and randomized fractals.
Solitons: Soliton equation, Nonlinear wave equation, nonlinear diffusion equation, Properties of nonlinear wave equations i.e. dispersion, dissipation, group velocity and phase velocity, K-dV equation, example comes from plasma physics. Burgers equation, Travelling wave solutions.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 430 Mathematical Physics non-physicist (2), 2h/W
This course aims at introduce students to some more advanced mathematical physics of Integral Equations and Complex Variables concepts that are used in undergraduate physics courses and to develop further their problems solving skill. The course includes: Integral Equations, Their Origin and Classification, Modeling of Problems as Integral Equations, Volterra Integral Equations. The Green's Function, Fredholm Integral Equations, Existence of the Solutions, Basic fixed Point Theorems, Complex Variables, Analytic Function, Integrals, Series Representation of Analytic Function, Residues and Poles.
Tutorial: 2h/W
 
Phys 431 Colors Physics ,2h/W
The course introduces the students to the fundamental of color measurements. The course includes:Electromagnetic radiation in visible spectrum-physical basis of color specification - spectroradiometery (colorimetrices, spectrophotometers) - CIE system of color measurement- Color difference metrology- Color formulation- Color matching formulation.
Pre-requisite: Phys 221, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 432 Optical Instruments, 2h/W
This course aims to developing the basic concepts of some optical instruments and their applications for a wide variety of physical measurements. The course includes: Microinterferometry, Modern Microinterferometers, Interference microscopes, Spectrophoto-meters, Optical instruments used in medicine.
Pre-requisite: Phys 221, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 433 Physics of Materials, 2h/W
This course aims at introducing the basic concepts of Physics of Materials. The course includes Preparation of Materials, Practical Determination of structure, Mechanical Properties of Materials, Thermal Properties of Materials, Electric properties, Dielectrics, Magnetic properties, Optical properties, Superconductivity, Irradiation effects.
Pre-requisite: Phys 334, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Phys 434 Physics of Atmosphere, 2h/W
This course is aiming the concept of Physics of Atmosphere in order to be award with the knowledge of the following: Central Forces and Planetary Motion, Planetary orbits and Kepler’s Laws, The planets in the Solar system, The Earth and Its Atmosphere, The Earth's Atmosphere, Planetary atmosphere, Equilibrium temperatures, Hydrostatic equation, Adiabatic lapse rate.
Practical: 2 h/W , Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
Phys 435 Scientific Computer Language, 2h/W
This course introducing the concept of programming with Fortran Language and to give practice in the use of the language to solve scientific problems. The course includes: Elements of statements, Mathematical Functions, Arithmetic Assignment Statements, How to write the program Statements? Input and Output Statements, Application for FORTRAN 77, Transfer of control, ( Arithmetic and logical IF Statement, Goto ,… ), The subscripted variables and dimension, Examples of the Subscript Notation, The dimension Statement and other information, The DO statement, Explicit uses of DO Loop and Dimension, Read Statement of one data item per line, Read Statement for more than one data item per line, Implied DO List.
Pre-requisite: Math 141, Tutorial: 1 h/W
 
Phys 436 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate introduction for nuclear Experiments, Electronic Experiments, Polarization in Optics and Microwave, Solid State Experiments, Simulation for physics Experiments Using the Computer.
Practical: 6h/W.
 
Phys 437 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate introduction for nuclear Experiments, Electronic Experiments, Diffraction in Optics and Microwave, Solid State Experiments, Simulation for physics Experiments Using the Computer.
Practical: 6h/W.
 
Phys 400 Project of Research and Report, 1h/W for two semesters
The project of research and report, to develop students to use their scientific knowledge, their ability to plan and execute an extended experimental or theoretical investigation and use all their communication skills to describe their results. To provide an understanding of some techniques of research, including the presentation of results. Students should have obtained an appreciation of research methodologies gained under individual supervision; ability to design and execute a project, write a report and give a talk on it. The student chooses the project in consultation with a member of staff. The subject of the project may be experimental physics or theoretical physics. They should have produced an impressive report on their project, which they can show at career interviews and discuss its content with confidence.
 
Chem -Phys 438 Project of Research and Report, 1h/W
The project of research and report, to develop students to use their scientific knowledge, their ability to plan and execute an extended experimental or theoretical investigation and use all their communication skills to describe their results. To provide an understanding of some techniques of research, including the presentation of results. Students should have obtained an appreciation of research methodologies gained under individual supervision; ability to design and execute a project, write a report and give a talk on it. The student chooses the project in consultation with a member of staff. The subject of the project may be experimental physics or theoretical physics. They should have produced an impressive report on their project, which they can show at career interviews and discuss its content with confidence.
 
Bio-Phys 401 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate Bio-physical principles and to develop experimental skills; The course includes Selected experiments on topics of Physics of Radiotherapy and Electronics Simulation for Biological Systems.
Practical: 4h/W
 
Bio-Phys 402 Practical Physics
The Laboratory is designed to illustrate Bio-physical principles and to develop experimental skills; The course includes Selected experiments on topics of Radiation Protection and Optical Instruments.
Practical: 4h/W
 
Bio-Phys 410 Experimental Biophysics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the experimental methods Biophysics .The course includes: Separation methods, classification of the techniques, Nuclear magnetic resonance,
Mass spectrometry, Dielectric techniques.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 411 Electronics Simulation for Biological Systems, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Electronics Simulation for Biological systems. The course includes: Logic circuits AND, OR and its uses in Biological systems, Transistor Amp. Characteristics, Differential amplification and operational Amp, Negative feedback effects, Comparators, Oscillators, ultrasonic generator Active filters, low, high and band pass and stop filters.
Pre-requisite: Bio-Phys 210, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 412 Physics of Radiotherapy, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Physics of Radiotherapy. The course includes: The principles of Radiotherapy Physics, Radiation sources, Radiotherapy with single photon beams, Radiotherapy with particle beams, treatment planning, techniques and equipment in teletherapy, dosimetry using small sealed sources and radionuclide sources, radiation protection
Pre-requisite: Bio-Phys 310, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 413 Physics of Biomaterials and Their substitutions, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Physics of Biomaterials and Their substitutions .The course includes: Biological requirements of materials, Crystalline and amorphous phases, Mechanical and Thermal properties of materials, Bone characteristics, Science of Dental Materials, Contact lens properties and interactions, Ceramic implant materials.
Pre-requisite: Phys 311 , Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 414 Ultrasonic and Bio-Applications, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Ultrasonic. The course includes: Velocity of sound in fluids, Acoustic intensity and impedance, Decibel scales. Doppler Principles, Ultrasonic generators and receivers, Detection of Ultrasonic Waves, Ultrasonic Imaging.
Pre-requisite: Phys 211, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
 
.Bio-Phys 420 Medical Nuclear Physics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Medical Nuclear physics. The course includes: Production of radionuclides, Gamma cameras, Characteristics of radiopharmaceuticals, Radiation Regulation, Methods of detection and imaging.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 421 Radiation Protection, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Radiation Protection. The course includes: An introduction to radiation protection, Radiation hazards, Radiation intensities and doses, Biological effectiveness, Radiation damage, Radiation shielding.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 422 physics of Imaging Medicine, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Imaging processes. The course includes: Imaging concepts, Transforms. Atomic imaging, NMR. MRI. Ultrasonography, Electron microscope, Devices used in medical diagnosis and therapy.
Pre-requisite: Phys 310 , Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 423 Computational Biophysics, 2h/W
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts of Computational Biophysics. The course includes: Mathematical Basics, Stochastic processes, Molecular conformation, Population Dynamics, Fourier transform, Action potential.
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Bio-Phys 400 Project of Research and Report, 1h/W for two semesters
The project of research and report, to develop students to use their scientific knowledge, their ability to plan and execute an extended experimental or theoretical investigation in biotechnology and use all their communication skills to describe their results. To provide an understanding of some Bio-techniques of research, including the presentation of results. Students should have obtained an appreciation of research methodologies gained under individual supervision; ability to design and execute a project, write a report and give a talk on it. The student chooses the project in consultation with a member of staff. The subject of the project may be experimental or theoretical Bio-physics and medical physics. They should have produced an impressive report on their project, which they can show at career interviews and discuss its content with confidence.
 
 
Md-Phys 401 Practical training in Hospitals
This course aims at introducing the student to the real professional training on medical equipments used for diagnostics and treatment of patient in hospital. The training should be supervised by medical doctors and technician in the university hospital.
Practical: 6h/W
 
Md-Phys 420 Physics Nuclear Medicine, 2h/W
This course aims at presenting the clinical uses of nuclear radio-nuclides, characteristics of radiopharmaceuticals, methods of localization, measurement of absorbed dose within the body, methods of detection and imaging, the gamma camera, SPECT, PET, principles of barchy therapy.
Pre-requisite: Phys 323, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Md-Phys 421 Non-ionizing Radiation, 2h/W
This course aims at presenting medical applications of non- ionizing radiation. It includes: generation and detection of ultrasound, interaction of ultrasound with materials, medical applications of ultrasound, principles of magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging, medical application of low energy electromagnetic radiation (visible light, ultraviolet, infrared, and lasers), biological effects and safety.
Practical: 3h/W
 
Md-Phys 422 Physics of Medical Imaging and Instrumentation, 2h/W
This course aims at presenting the fundamentals of medical imaging and equipment that use physics. It includes: analysis, processing, and reconstruction of medical images in diagnostic radiology and nuclear medicine, magnetic resonance imaging, description of devices used in medical diagnosis and therapy, (training in hospitals).
Pre-requisite: Md-Phys 320, Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Md-Phys 423 Hospital managements, 2h/W
This course aims at introducing the student to the basic information and concepts of administration and managements. It includes information that helps to identify the employees with managerial position in running hospitals. Each position in the chain of command is identified, their tasks and the rules and regulations that are to be adopted
Tutorial: 1h/W
 
Md-Phys 400 Project of Research and Report, 1h/W for two semesters
The project of research and report, to develop students to use their scientific knowledge, their ability to plan and execute an extended experimental or theoretical investigation in Medical Physics and use all their communication skills to describe their results. To provide an understanding of some Medical Physics of research, including the presentation of results. Students should have obtained an appreciation of research methodologies gained under individual supervision; ability to design and execute a project, write a report and give a talk on it. The student chooses the project in consultation with a member of staff. The subject of the project may be experimental or theoretical medical physics. They should have produced an impressive report on their project, which they can show at career interviews and discuss its content with confidence.
 

 

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